- Falls under the social actions theory.
- Favours qualitative data.
- Looks at the 'individual'. For example, if a person failed their exams Interpretivists would look at the individual and reason why they personally failed.
- Looks at the meanings and motifs of the individual.
- Uses interviews and personal documents.
- High in validity.
- Uses micro research.
- High in value laden.
- The research can build a rapport with the person that they are studying.
- Weber (idea of verstehen)
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- Falls under the social systems theory.
- They favour quantitative data.
- Use methods such as official statistics.
- The look the the 'whole picture'. For example, if an individual failed their exams, positivists would look at the whole of society to see why they failed.
- Use macro research.
- High in reliability.
- Generalisable .
- Views sociology as a science.
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