International Relations - 1919-1939

The most imprtant decisions about the peace treaties were made by the leaders of France, britian and the USA. They were nicknamed the 'Big Three'. The all had different attitudes towards the defeated countries and different aims for the peace treaties.

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Georges Clemenceau (France)

He wanted:

  • Germany to be made weak so that it wouldn't attack France again.
  • Germany to have to pay reparations for the damage of the war.
  • Wanted Germany to return provinces of alsace-Lorraine, which Germany had taken from France in 1871.
  • Clemenceau was a tough politician and had a reputation for strong arguments.
  • France had suffered most from the war.
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David Lloyd George (Britain)

  • He promised the british people that he would make Germany pay. Many British people still hated the Germans and wanted them to pay compensation.
  • He didn't want Germany to be treated to badly, he thought that if he did this then Germnay might take revenge.
  • Crippling Germany would mean that they wouldn't be able to do trade with them.
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Woodrow Wilson (USA)

  • He didn't belive that the war was entirely Germany's fault.
  • He thought that the Big Three should be looking to avoid wars in the future rather than thinking about revenge.
  • At the end of the war he set out his 14 points (which included the League of Nations). The fourteen points were his views on the war.
  • It was easier for Wilson to take these views as the USA hardly suffered from the War. Americans were ablee to have an outside view.
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