interactionist 2

HideShow resource information

Mead - 1863 - 1931

  • essential to human reasoning that we should be capable of thinking of ourselves in a objective way.
  • without this reflexivity, we cannot reason objectively, or at all. 
  • animals cant think reflexively, inability to reason. 
  • we learn how to do this from growing up in society. socialisation. social interaction
  • Looking glass self.  - see how other see us and how we want to be seen. 
  • being reflexive and taking this other persons veiw of us, makes possible the activity we call 'thinking' 
  • can think becasue we can imagine what its like to think of ourselves as other do. 
  • as we have all sorts of social relationships with different people we have not one self-concept but many.
  • you can go home in the holidays from Uni as someone totally differnt to what people in your family see you as
  • " what determins the amount of the self that gets into communication is the social experience itself " 
  • " one thing to one man and another thing to another." 

1 of 7

Gesture and Response:

  • Mead says - meaning of gesture is the response it gets.
  • make a gesture and then the other person think about hwere this is leading, and responds.
  • response to something that hasnt happen, is the meaning of the original gesture. 
  • thinking is gestures in our heads, behind the gesture lies a context. 
  • Mead says context has to be a universal one: the gesture have to mean the same thing to everyone if they are going to make sense at all.
2 of 7

Generalised other:

  • Mead saus we only get universal context. becasue we adopt the attitude of everyone.
  • this known as the genreralised other. 
  • have to take in the attitude of everyone before we are able to reason: 
  • "it is social process itself that is responsible for the appearance of the self; its not there as a self apart from this type of experience"
  • to grow up being able to reason in proper rational way we have to learn to take other peoples views - ow look to other people. 
  • ' learning to adpot the attitude of everyone' 
3 of 7

Generalised other:

  • Mead saus we only get universal context. becasue we adopt the attitude of everyone.
  • this known as the genreralised other. 
  • have to take in the attitude of everyone before we are able to reason: 
  • "it is social process itself that is responsible for the appearance of the self; its not there as a self apart from this type of experience"
  • to grow up being able to reason in proper rational way we have to learn to take other peoples views - ow look to other people. 
  • ' learning to adpot the attitude of everyone' 
4 of 7

kid catching a ball:

  • kids idea of him or herself as a player in a game whos expected to catch the ball arises from taking on board what the kid thinks he or she looks like from the point of view of the gernealised other. 
  • if you drop or catch it, the bit that lived up to expectations of failed to live up is something different from you self concept... that you get from social interaction when growing up.
  • something much more spontaneous - mead says creative -
5 of 7

Herbert Blumer 1900 - 1986

  • Symbolic interactionism: 
  • how can we have any faith in sociology which says people do things because they are members of this calss/ status group etc. if we simpy havent asked what the action means to them? 
6 of 7

Herbert Blumer 1900 - 1986

  • Symbolic interactionism: 
  • how can we have any faith in sociology which says people do things because they are members of this calss/ status group etc. if we simpy havent asked what the action means to them? 
7 of 7

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all sociology resources »