interactionism and crime

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Labelling theory

- Look at how actions+individuals become defined as deciant.
- Crime is a social construction- nothing deviant about the actual act, only deviant when society labels it as such.

- A deviant is only someone who has beed labelled as such.
- Nothing intrinsically deviant about the act itself.

Cicourel: negotiations of justice
- Deviant labels- not applied equally.
-'Typical delinquent' : low income, low class broken home, poor education, ethnic minority etc
- More likely to be prosecuted.
- Middle class delinquents less likely to be prosecuted- dont fit the image of the typical delinquent.
- parents can negotiate with the police.
-Not onlt create typical delinquents, but also their charcteristics.

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Consequences of labelling

- Self fulfilling prophecy, therefore labelling a deviant society encourages further deviance.

Lemert: primary and secondary deviance
-Primary deviance: hasnt been publicly labelled
-Secondary deviance: has been publicly labelled.- Creates a societal reaction- leads to further deviance.
-Therefore the societal reaction leads to further deviance.

Young: master status
- societal reaction can lead to a master status: the main status the individual has in the eyes of others.
- can lead to them seeing themselves like that: commit deviance: SFP.

Reintegrative shaming
- disintegrative shaming: act+individual is seen as deviant- lead to further deviance.
- reintegrative shaming:  only the act is labelled as deviant. Avoids master status- offender able to fit back into wider society- preventing further deviance.

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Evaluation of interactionism and crime

:) agents of social control, media and society can create deviance.

:) some groups more likely to be labelled as deviant.

:( why they committed the crime?

:( victims

:(  deterministic

:(  who has the power to define an act as deviant?

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