INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION BETWEEN GROUPS: GENOCIDE

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  • Created by: Simran
  • Created on: 26-03-14 09:52

A01: INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION BETWEEN GROUPS: GENO

  • Sometimes the 'institution' may refer to a whole section of society, defined by ethinicity, religion or other significant features 
  • Staub outlined the 5 stages in process of genocide, explains how difficult social conditions such those found pre-war Germany rapidly escalate victimisation target group
  • this victimisation characterised by hatred and hostility

1) Difficult social conditions

2) Scapegoating of less powerful group

3) Negative evaluation and dehumanisation 

4) moral values and rules becoming inapplicable 

5) the passivity of bystanders enhancing the process 

Dehumanisation

  • If target group is dehumanised, removes moral inhibitions about killing humans as members seen as worthless animals therefore, no worthy of moral consideration
  • e.g. Rwandan genocide, Hutu-controlled 'hate' radio station encouraged Hutu listners murder their Tutsi neighbours by referring to them as ''cockroaches'

Obedience to authority 

  • If so many participants could administer painful electric shocks simply when told to by some authority 
  • the mighty Nazi regime no trouble making soldiers kill innocent, unarmed people 


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