INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION WITHIN GROUPS: PRISONS

AQA PSYCHOLOGY

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Simran
  • Created on: 26-03-14 08:47

INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION WITHIN GROUPS: PRISONS- T

THE IMPORTATION MODEL- Irwin et al

  • Prisoners are not 'blank slates' when they enter prison as many of the normative systems developed on the outside, such as social histories and traits, would be 'imported' into the prison
  • E.g. pre-prison gang membership is an important determinantof prison misconduct 
  • demonstrated by fact that members of street gangs offend at higher levels than their non-gang counterparts and account for disproportionate amount of serious and non violent crime 
1 of 5

A02: INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION WITHIN GROUPS: PRISO

1) Research support: Importation

  • Harer et al: supported model terms of individual factors such as race
  • data 58 US prisons found black inmates significantly higher rates violent behaviour 
  • but lower rates alchohol and drug-related misconduct than white inmates
  • These patterns parallel racial differences in US society, so support the 'importation' aspect of the importation model

2) Competing research: Gang membership

  • DeLisi et al: challenges claim pre-prison gang membership predicts prison violence
  • found inmates prior street gang involvement no more likely engage prison violence  than other inmates
  • Lack correlation explained by fact violent gang members tend isolated general inmate population
  • therefore, restricting oppurtunities for violence
  • e.g. Fisher found isolating gang members into special management units reduced assault rates 50% 
2 of 5

A01: INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION WITHIN GROUPS- THE D

THE DEPRIVATION MODEL

  • Prisoner aggression product of stressful and oppressive conditions institution
  • Sykes described specific deprivations inmates experienced linked increase violence 
  • e.g. potential threat to personal security increased anxiety levels in inmates
  • inmates may cope pains imprisonment several ways 
  • 1) choose withdraw through seclusion cell
  • 2) rebel form violence against other prisoners and staff
3 of 5

A02: INSTITUTIONAL AGGRESSION WITHIN GROUPS: PRISO

1)Research support: 

  • McCorkle et al. Research support claim peer violence used relieve deprivation imposed institutional cultures 
  • Found overcrowding, lack of privacy and meaningful acitivity all significantly influence peer violence 
  • However, research in this are not consistent with its findings 
  • Nijman et al- increased personal space failed decrease level violent incidents among patients 

2)  IDA: Real world application : Deprivation model 

  • Wilson: If most violence occurs environments hot, noisy and overcrowded means can be avoided by reducing these factors
  • Set up 2 units violent prisoners: less claustrophobic, less prison-like, view outside, typical noise associated prisons masked music local radion station, temperature reduced no longer stiffling hot 
  • despite virtually eradicated prison assaults, political pressure led units developing different directions 
4 of 5

CONCLUSION: COMBINING THE DEPRIVATION AND IMPORTAT

Conclusion:

  • Jiang: support for deprivation and importation model as explanations prison violence 
  • deprivation model- better able explain violence against prison staff
  • importation model- better able explaon violence against other inmates
  • Poole and Regoli: deprivation model more superior as found best indicator of violence among juveniles was pre-instutional violence, regardless of any situational factors 
5 of 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Aggression resources »