- Greater social change took place in Britain during the period 1750-1900.
- Changes were gradual.
- Altered the way most people lived.
- This revolution also had an effect on policing & punishment.
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- 1750 - The population was 9.5 million people in England and Wales
- 1900 - The population increased to 41.5 million people
- People lived in towns - crowded in poor housing
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Wealth and Taxes
- Two centuries of trade and industrial growth had made Britain a wealthy country.
- Income tax was introduced for the first time in the 1790's to help pay for the war against France.
- 1800's - Governments collected higher taxes to pay for reforms that would improve people's lives.
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- 1750 - Minority of the children could attend school
- 1880 - Law said all children aged up to 13 years old have to go to school
- 1900 - 95% of the population could read and write compared to 70% in 1850.
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- Food prices had always depended on the quality of the harvest.
- If the quality was bad, the poor were in danger of starvation
- 1800's - The harvest was not so vital
- Food could be imported cheaply from abroad.
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Protest and Revolution
- The French revolution at the end of the eighteenth century had rung warning bells to British government and Monarchy.
- After 1815 - the was much protests.
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