When did it happen?
- The Indian Ocean Tsunami occured on the 26th December 2004.
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- Started just off the north-west coast of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean.
- Affected many countries surrounding the India Ocean.
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- The Indo-Australian Plate subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate just off the North-West coast of Indonesia.
- This resulted in an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1.
- The earthquake displaced the water above it and triggered a tsunami.
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- Sri Lanka
- Other countries surrounding the Indian Ocean
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- 220,000 people died.
- 650,000 people injured.
- Public buildings including schools and hospitals were wiped out.
- 1,500 settlements completely wiped out.
- Large areas of Eastern coast of India swamped.
- Infrastructure severely damaged.
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- 2,000,000 made homeless.
- Cholera was a huge risk.
- 5,000,000 - 6,000,000 people needed emergency food, water and medical supplies.
- Tourism industry suffered heavily because of the destruction and people were afraid to go there.
- Large amounts of environmental damage occurred because the salt from the sea water meant that plants can't grow in many areas.
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- Hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged by foreign governments, charities, individuals and businesses to give survivors access to food, water, shelter and medical attention.
- Foreign teams sent ships,planes,soldiers and teams of specialists to help rescue people, distribute food and water and to begin clearing up.
- The UK government promised £75 million and public donations of £100 million followed.
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- Billions of pounds have been pledged to help re-build the infrastructure of the countries affected.
- As well as money,programmes have been set up to re-build houses and help people get back to work.
- £372 million have been donated by the British public 1 year later.
- The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System was set up in June 2006, ensuring people knew how to respond to another tsunami.
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