Indian Ocean Tsunami

GCSE Geography cas study for the Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004

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  • Created by: lakshsoni
  • Created on: 11-05-12 06:16

When did it happen?

  • The Indian Ocean Tsunami occured on the 26th December 2004.
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  • Started just off the north-west coast of Sumatra in the Indian Ocean.
  • Affected many countries surrounding the India Ocean.
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  • The Indo-Australian Plate subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate just off the North-West coast of Indonesia.
  • This resulted in an earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1.
  • The earthquake displaced the water above it and triggered a tsunami.
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Countries Affected

  • India
  • Bangladesh
  • Sri Lanka
  • Indonesia
  • Thailand
  • Other countries surrounding the Indian Ocean
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Primary Effects

  • 220,000 people died.
  • 650,000 people injured.
  • Public buildings including schools and hospitals were wiped out.
  • 1,500 settlements completely wiped out.
  • Large areas of Eastern coast of India swamped.
  • Infrastructure severely damaged.
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Secondary Effects

  • 2,000,000 made homeless.
  • Cholera was a huge risk.
  • 5,000,000 - 6,000,000 people needed emergency food, water and medical supplies.
  • Tourism industry suffered heavily because of the destruction and people were afraid to go there.
  • Large amounts of environmental damage occurred because the salt from the sea water meant that plants can't grow in many areas.
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Primary Responses

  • Hundreds of millions of pounds had been pledged by foreign governments, charities, individuals and businesses to give survivors access to food, water, shelter and medical attention.
  • Foreign teams sent ships,planes,soldiers and teams of specialists to help rescue people, distribute food and water and to begin clearing up.
  • The UK government promised £75 million and public donations of £100 million followed.
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Secondary Responses

  • Billions of pounds have been pledged to help re-build the infrastructure of the countries affected.
  • As well as money,programmes have been set up to re-build houses and help people get back to work.
  • £372 million have been donated by the British public 1 year later.
  • The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System was set up in June 2006, ensuring people knew how to respond to another tsunami.
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sarahish majid


thanks :)

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