Inca Trail - Ecotourism

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  • Created by: Jiya
  • Created on: 07-04-16 17:52

Definitions

  • Ecotourism
    • tourism that doesn't harm the environment, whilst benefitting the local environment
    • allows traveller to become educated, whilst providing funding for conservation
  • Stewarship
    • conducting, supervising or managing something in a responsible way
  • Conservation
    • proccess of maintaining natural and man-made landscapes
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Problems (before 2001)

  • 400,000 visitors each year
  • visitors could walk 550 year old route without guide
  • little rubbish disposal
  • path quickly being eroded
  • overcrowded campsites
  • lack of proper sanitation meant sewage was entering water systems
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Solutions (after 2001)

  • Peruvian government created 7 rules:
    • no independent trekkers allowed
    • all walkers must be accompanied by a qualified guide
    • maximum group size fixed at 16
    • closure in February (to allow conservation projects to take place)
    • number of visitors restricted to 500 per day
    • visitors pay entrance fee $50 & $25
    • porters given reasonable working conditions
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Benefits for Local Environment

  • pollution disappeared
  • erosion of walkways and pathways has been reduced
  • landfill rubbish bagged up and carried out
  • greater awareness of potential damage
  • ACEER receive donations from sponsership of people walking trail
    • used to protect areas under threat from too much disturbance
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Benefits for Local Economy

  • investment made into improving campsites and toilet facilities
  • entrance fee increased January 2001
    • $50 for adults
    • $25 for students
  • purchasing souvenirs provides income for local shops
  • ratio of workers to trekkers improved
    • 200 trekkers to 300 staff
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Benefits for Local People

  • porters wages and working conditions have improved significantly
  • wages fixed at £10 a day
  • safety of trekkers improved
  • maximum weight allowed to carry fixed at 25kg
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Sustainable

Aim of ecotourism is to:

  • ensure tourism does not exploit the natural environment or local communities
  • consult with local communities on planned developments
  • make sure that infrastructure improvements benefit local people  and not just tourists
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