Impacts of Industrialisation


Five Year Plans

  • There were five, Five Year Plans (FYP) which increased industrial output in the Soviet Union


  • 1929: 35 million tonnes
  • 1941: 150 million tonnes


  • 1929: 12 million tonnes
  • 1941: 26 million tonnes


  • 1929: 3 million tonnes
  • 1941: 18 million tonnes


  • 1929: 18 kWh
  • 1941: 90 kWh
  • As a result Russian GDP doubled by 1941
  • However some of these figures are said to be exaggerated
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  • These excellent output figures from the FYP, slightly improved working conditions and wages
  • They helped Russia survive the Great Depression throughout the 1930s unharmed
  • Also helped Russia survive an attack from the Nazis in 1941
  • While the party, state and economy enjoyed these successes the workers suffered the wrath of them: there wages and working conditions did not improve- as a result many workers ended up living in the same house and sleeping in the same bedroom
  • Industrialisation made the Soviet economy increasingly unbalanced also as much of it was fed into the industrial output
  • In 1935 Alexei Stakhanov claimed to have single handedly cut 100 million tonnes of coal- 14 times than the quota stated- many workers tried to copy this however instead of helping production increase it slowed it down leading to an overall loss
  • Industrialisation made the Soviet Union a modern industrial state
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