- inject with a antigen that will promote the primary immune response, but has been modified so that it doesnt cause a virus. the immune system makes memory cells, so the secondary immune response.
- injecting antibodies against certain pathogens into the blood.
- used when someone has already been infected.
- occurs naturally when a mother passes antibodies to her child.
- antibodies of one particular shape made by a clone of a single B-cell.
- if monoclonal antibodies are mixed with a sample containing a mixture of protiens, the antibodies will bind specifically and tightly to only one protien in the sample.
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