Primary impacts of earthquakes
The primary impacts of an earthquakes are the imeediate effects od the ground shaking.
- Buildings and bridges collapse.
- Poeple ate injured or killed by buildings and brudges collapsing.
- Roads, railways, ports and airports are damaged.
- Electricity cables are damaged, cutting off supplies.
- Gas pipes are broken, causing leaks abd cutting off supplies.
- Telephone poles and cables are destroyed.
- Underground water and sewage pipes are broken, causing leaks and cutting off supplies.
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Secondary impacts of eathquakes
The secondary impacts of earthqueakes are the effect that happen later on.
- Earthquakes can trigger landslides and tsunamis - these destroy more buildings and cause more injuries and eath.
- Leaking gas can be ignited, starting fires.
- People are left homeless.
- People may suffer psychological problems if they knew people who dies or if they lose their home etc.
- There's a shortage of clean water and a lack of proper sanitation - this makes it easier for dieases to spread
- Roads ar eblocked or destroyed so aid and emergency vehicles can't get through.
- Businesses are damaged or destroyed, causing unemployment.
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People continue to live in areas where earthquakes
- They've always lived there - moving away would mean leaving friends and family.
- They're employed in the area. If poeple move they would have to find new jobs.
- They're confident of support from ther government after an earthquake, e.g. to help rebuild houses.
- Some people think that severe earthquakes won't happen again in the area, so it's safe to live there.
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