Density and pressure
Density = mass / volume
Volume = (width x depth x height) cm³
Pressure = force / area
Pressure difference = height x density x gravity
Pressure increases with depth.
Brownian motion: The particles in matter are extremely small and, in liquids and gases, they are in a continuous state of rapid random motion.
The random motion of gas and liquid particles explains why pressure acts in all directions at any point.
The speed of molecules increases with temp, so as we heat gases in a rigid container, the pressure of the gas increases.
The temp of a gas inn kelvin is proportional to the average kinetic energy of the gas molecules
For a fixed amount of gas at a constant temp
p₁ x V₁ = p₂ x V₂
volume is inversely proportional to pressure
For a fixed amount of gas at a costant volume
p₁ / T₁ = p₂ / T₂
kelvin temperature scale: absolute zero = -273°
pressure is proportional to absolute temperature
To convert °C into kelvin, ADD 273°