iGCSE Settlement - Case Studies

  • Created by: geog_nut
  • Created on: 03-10-19 19:51

MEDC Land Use - UK

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MEDC Land Use - UK

Characteristics

CBD

  • mainly shops and offices
  • few people live here
  • High land value
  • Congested and busy

Inner City

  • Developed in the 19th century
  • High density terraced housing
  • Polluted, dirty and in decline
  • Old factories and workers housing
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MEDC Land Use - UK

Inner Suburbs

  • 1930s housing
  • Mainly semi-detached with gardens
  • Tree lined streets

Outer Suburbs

  • Modern detached houses
  • Privately owned
  • With gardens and garages
  • Quiet and clean

Industrial estates/retail parks

  • Good accessibility 
  • Cheaper land
  • Can expand due to space
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LEDC Land Use - Peru

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LEDC Land Use - Peru

Lima, Peru 

Characteristics

CBD

  • Old colonial buildings, government offices and presidential palaces 

Low Cost Housing

  • Older improved housing
  • e.g. Chorrillos

High Cost Housing

  • e.g. San Isidro
  • Luxury flats
  • detached houses
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LEDC Land Use - Peru

Industry

  • Located along Pan Americana Highway
  • Close to port
  • Close to airport

Favelas (slums)

  • Poor quality 
  • self built
  • caused by rural-urban migration
  • found on unwanted land (undesirable land)
  • e.g. Ventanilla
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Rural-Urban Fringe - IKEA

Location

  • At the edge of Exeter
  • Close to the A379
  • Close to railway tracks
  • Flat land
  • Plenty of space for expansion

Advantages for land use on the fringe

  • Plenty of free parking
  • Lots of space for shops
  • attractive - less pollution and noise
  • Accessible by car (A379)
  • New jobs created for local people
  • Reduces problems in the city centre e.g. traffic, noise pollution, air pollution etc
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Rural-Urban Fringe - IKEA

Disadvantages

  • Destroys valuable habitats
  • Leads to pollution on the edge of the cities
  • Traffic out of town
  • Can't access the area if you don't have a car
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Urban Issues - Air pollution in China

Region - Shanghai

Causes

  • Steel, cement and glass plants may have increased pollutions
  • Rapid population growth
  • Car and factory emissions

Impacts

  • Effects people's health e.g. increase in Asthma
  • 500,000 people have died each year due to severe pollution
  • Causes breathing problems 
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Urban Issues - Air pollution in China

Solutions

  • Use of anti-pollution masks
  • Cut pollution by closing down coal-fired power plants
  • Try to find a less polluting power source e.g. HEP or Nuclear
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Urban Issues - Traffic in the UK

Location - London

Facts and figures

  • Average speed of traffic is 14mph
  • Commuter time to London - 70mins
  • 700,000 people in London suffer from asthma

Problems

  • Congestion fees costs businesses money in London (£300 million a year)
  • Pollution from cars cause an estimated 10,000 related deaths a year.
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Urban Issues - Traffic in the UK

Solution

Congestion charge (£10) to drive into Central London - reduce congestion in the city centre

  • Bike hire scheme. Free bike hire around Central London.
  • Cross Rail 1 - fast trainline under London
  • Oyster card. Use instrad of cash to pay for transport - speeds up boarding and reduces lines to pay
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