Identity- Key Terms
Fixed: perment without my control ie hair colour, parents, eye colour etc
Fluid: shift and change ie hair dye, clothes, hair cut etc
1. Self Image
2. Ideal Self
3. Self Esteem
Kuhun and Mcpartland (1954) Who am I test?
Kuhan and Mcpartland
Who am I?
Younger children: Personailty Trairs eg grumpy, cheeky, happy etc
Elder people: Social responsiblilty (more experienced) eg roles: mother, sister, friend etc
Rogers (1961) Concentric Model
'Layers of self-consciousness'
Dimbleby and Burton (2006) Self Esteem
Respect of others boosts our self esteem:
1. Reactions to others
2. Comparisons to others
3. Identification with others
I wear a lot of make up because my self esteem is low, however when I get told I look nice it boosts my self esteem to carry on wearing make up.
How the expectations of one person can have an impact on another.
Telling someone they will succeed drives them to be more successful
Telling only brown eyed students that they will pass their exams will then create other students to belief they will not pass.Therefore these students will live up to a negative self fullfilling prophecy, by not bothering to revise for their exams and as a result fail.
Looking Glass Theory and Cooley
Looking Glass Theory:
The version of ourselves we see through others responses.
1. We modify our behaviours accordingly.
2. How we believe how others pecieve us shapes and forms our self concept/identity.
My friends said I smelt nice the other day created me to modify my choices to carry on wearing that same perfume.
The greater our engagment with a person, the more significant the mirror effect is.
Dissonance Theory and Gergen and Gergen
When we are criticised, the self is faced with opposing sets of data:
1. Negative data: from the world experience
2. Positive data: from the self concept
We attempt to weaken one side of the argument in order to preserve ourselves.
I am a smoker and therefore I understand the issues with smoking however I employ dissonance strategies to protect myself:
- belittle the evidence
- associate with other smokers
- Convince smoking relieves my stress
Gergen and Gergen: Self maintance strategies:
1. Self maintance stragies protect us from negative feedback.
-These are dissonant responses for keeping the self intact.
Self maintance strategies:
-mixing with like minded people
-Dis believing what others say
-Self hanicapping: too scared of failure so you stop revising and trying