Hydrocarbons: cycloalkanes, alkenes and arenes

Cycloalkanes, alkenes and arenes.

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Cycloalkanes

  • Have the general formula CnH2n
  • Name ends in -ane
  • Are saturated - all the bonds between carbon atoms are single bonds
  • Are not aromatic - they don't have a benzene ring
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Alkenes

  • Have the general formula CnH2n
  • Name ends in -ene
  • Are unsaturated - there are one (or more) double bonds between carbon atoms in a molecule
  • Are aliphatic - they don't have ring structures
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Arenes

  • Name ends in -ene
  • Are unsaturated
  • Are aromatic - they have one or more benzene rings in their structure
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