GB workshop of the world-coal, steel and iron-economic.
Splendid iscolationism-doing well, protect economy.
All policies made for economic state.
Scramble for Africa-GB, France, Italy, germany fighting over African gold.
Protecting their empire and maintaining the balance of power because economically they were the best in the world.
Germay became strong and so GB set up a system of alliances to make allies in the case of war, to deter Germany from starting a war and also to protect their trade interests.
-1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance.
-1904 Entente Cordial with France.
-1907 Anglo-Russian Entente.
Cause of the first world war-the threat from Germany (fear).
After the war the Leauge of Nations gave Gb Mesopatania and Palestine to look after- internal conflicts cost GB a lot of money to put right.
GB owed the USA £100 million in war debt.
The staple industry was collapsing due to competition from Germany USA and Japan.
GB was affraid of Russia and so signed a tade agreement in 1921 so they could use Russia as a buffer and they did not want Russia to strong or causing trouble with GB- collective security to try and maintain the balance of power without spending any money.
GB relied on the League of Nations for appeasement in Italy and Germany-Italy invaded Abyssinia and Germany in the Rhineland, Czechoslovakia abd Poland.
GB tried to make colonies pay due to economic reasons.
GB owed £3.5 billion to the USA.
Wanted to maintain the balance of power in Europe and save face to appear to be a bigger power when they were actually bankrupt.
Got rid of colonies.
Controlled by the USA through fear of calling in their loans.
GB involved in the Berlin Airlift- Fear of Russia and Europe was suspicious of GB.
EEC 1957- GB refused to join as they thought France and Germany were going to dominate.
Set up EFTA with Norway, Sweden, Austria etc- NO GOOD.
Charles de Gaulle stopped GB joining EEC 1963 and 1967- resigned 1973 (economic).
Suez crisis 1956 shows GB incompetant. Save face by attacking a small country to appear strong. GB and France globally shunned and Anothony Eden resigns over it.