Human Diet

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Energy

  • Values - Carbohydrate 3.75kcal, Fat 9kcal, Protein 4kcal
  • Uses - metabolic processes, physical activity, thermogenis
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BMR

  • Basal Metabolic Rate
  • The rate at which a person uses energy to maintain basic bodily functions
  • Measured at complete rest
  • High in men and children
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RNI and LRNI

  • Reference Nutrient Intake - the amount of nutrients to ensure the needs of all of the group are being met
  • Lower reference nutrient intake - only applies to small amount of the population, the least amount you should be having to stay healthy
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GDA and DRV

  • Guideline daily amount - guideline for healthy adults and children for amount of nutrients and calories for a healthy diet
  • Dietary reference values - government recommendations for amount of nutrients you should be eating in a day
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