Why Britain is suffering from a 'democratic defici
1) The problem of falling POLITICAL PARTICIPATION- In 1992 the turnout was 77.7%, compared to 2010's 65.2% turnout and 2015 66.1% turnout.
2) The persistence of undemocratic institutions within the system of government - In July 2012 Nick Clegg described the House of Lords as being a 'flawed, undemocratic, institution', as he bids for reform of upperchamber (By Daily Mail reporter)
3) The increased centralisation of power that is unsufficiently accountable within government.
Proposals to make UK more democratic
Votes at 16- to improve engagement with politics among the young- although youre taking away their youth early, they may not even be mature enough to vote, by not properly understanding issues and voting irresponsibly, also adults could just use their child vote for their benefit.
Compulsory voting- to force people to become more politically active and to create greater legitimacy for election results- A country which has already adopted this, being Australia, has many who show their discontent by ruining the ballot paper. It may also infringe civil liberties and also give a false result as the politically unaware will be voting.
Increased use of referendums- to encourage political engagement with issues (direct participation) which normally provides a clear, decisive answer- Referendums can undermine Parliamentary Sovereignty - ie the right of parliament to make and remake any law and not be bound by their successors.Governments unlikely to hold them unless they are fairly confident they will win the vote - the obvious example of this is the likelehood of a referendum on the Single European Currency and the AV referendum, which had an extremely low turnout.
Big Society measures- Engage more people in politics at local level- it remains difficult to encourage such voluntary activity, however, David Cameron is unfluencing more free schools and wants by 2020 to be 500 more free schools proposals atleast to be accepted.
Grant more power to local and regional government- Bring democracy closer to the people- This would create greater inequality in the standard of services. Also the disperse power to regional governments such as Scotland it is seen to be unfair by many and David Cameron on 22nd January 2015 said 'No more devolution powers to Scotland after today's settlement' as he felt power should be focused more on being used in Schools, hospitals etc.