How seriously did Britain take European co-operation?

HideShow resource information

Took European co-operation seriously from 1945

  • Dunkirk Treaty 1947: UK join defensive alliance with France.
  • Brussels Treaty 1948: Extends the Dunkirk Treaty.
  • OEEC 1948: In UK interests to promote political and economic co-operation in Europe.
  • Council of Europe 1949: UK favourable to intergovernmental European ties.
  • NATO created 1949: Military alliance with US + 9  European countries.
  • Opposed Pleven plan but wanted to see Germany rearmed as part of NATO.
1 of 3

Before 1960 UK don't take co-operation seriously

  • 1950: UK refuse to get involved with Pleven Plan, ECSC, Schuman Plan and EDC.
  • UK not willing to sacrifice sovereignty for closer ties with Europe, and less threatened by Germany than France.
  • UK refuse to join supranational organisations.
  • 1957: UK refuse to join EEC - little economic benefits for UK.
  • Closer ties with Europe would undermine world power status.
  • Foreign policy based on maintaining special relationship with US and Empire/Commonwealth.
  • UK want to shape Europe but not be shaped by Europe.
  • 1959: EFTA was formed to gain economic and political concessions from EEC.
2 of 3

Took UK co-operation very seriously after 1960

  • Apply to join EEC 1961.
  • Macmillan fills cabinet with pro-Europeans.
  • UK comes to realise that by joining the EEC they can retain world power status.
3 of 3


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »