- Succulent plants store water in fleshy leaves eg. Bao bab trees.
- They quickly absorb water through large shallow root systems.
- they will have a waxy surface so they are almost waterproof and they can stop losing water from transpiration.
- Spines or they are toxic to stop animals from eating them.
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- During drought they shed leaves to prevent water loss.
- They become dormant.
- They have deep roots to penetrate the soil and rock to reach underground water.
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- Annuals, survive one season, have a rapid life cycle and die after seeding.
- Seeds last for years, germinating only when soil moisture is high.
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Example- Saguaro Cactus
- It's expanding trunk allows it to take in and store a great deal of water when it is availble.
- It does not need a lot of water to survive.
- It's flower only opens on cooler nights and is closed during the heat of midday.
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