Why do countries wish to control their populations
The difficulty with overpopulation and underpopulation is that very few countries can provide for themselves any more. Almost every country trades meaning they are reliant on on other countries.
If population grows faster than resources then there will be a crisis possibly resulting in famine or war.
Ageing populations can also 'save' money in the forms of children's education and maternity care.
LEARN TWO CASE STUDIES FOR THIS (PRO-NATAL AND ANTI-NATAL POLICIES)
Arguments surround population
- Ageing population causes a lack of labour to develop industries and trade
- Fears about an ageing population and the onger term economic status of a country dominated by elderly people
- Some governments ecourage larger families because they believe that large countries are more powerfu than small ones
- Other governments might believe that ethnic diversity has nagative effects, so slowing down or stopping immigration and encouraging the dominant racial or religious group to have larger families