The Battle for Births.
- Designed to increase the population from 40 million in 19 27, to 60 million by 1950.
- 12 children per family was the ideal.
- Marriage loans to encourage couples to have more children: a part cancelled with each new child born.
- A married man with 6 children exempt from taxation.
- Health care for mothers and infants improved.
- Prizes for the mothers with the most children.
- Bachelor tax: government raised 230 million lira 19 39.
- Late 1930s: jobs and promotions in civil service only available to the fertile and married.
- Did not work: marriage rate unchanged, birth rate declined until 1936 where only slight increase.
- 1936: 102 live births per 1000 women of child bearing age, whereas 1911: 147 live births per 1000.
- Only achieved population of 47.5 million by 1950.
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Women's personal lives.
- Pressure to stay at home.
- Married men promoted.
- State railway sacked all women appointed since 19 15 except war widows.
- 1933: women limited to 10% of the workforce in the public sector.
- Quota not introduced to traditional female occupations such as a cleaner or waitress.
- Pressures did not work: women still made up 33% of workforce in 1936.
- This was a fall of only 3% since 1921.
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