- By the mid-1930s most Italians had failed to take on the Fascist spiritual revolution.
- Mussolini criticised their Bourgeois mentality.
- He felt that they were: .Pacifist .Complacent .Materialistic .Too attracted to Western Democracies .Needed toughening up.
- He became more determined to forge an imperial and aggresive nation.
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The more ridiculous.
- 1938: tried to abolish the use of the friendly form of 'you' and the use of the handshake.
- Party leaders: had to learn to ride a horse, and a motorcycle, as well as do gymnastics.
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Controls over personal life.
- Ministry of Popular Culture created in 1937.
- Creation of G.I.L. put youth movements under Fascist party control.
- Expansion of OND: greater stress on a more committed Nation of Fascists.
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1939: Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.
- Replaced the old Parliament.
- Change from appeasing the elite to engaging the masses.
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Additional points: opinions.
- Anti-semite decrees unpopular:
- Not properly enforced.
- Only in 1943 that Jews were sent to concentration camps.
-Concern was aroused among the elite about the direction of the regime.
- Doubts about whether Mussolini was the best protector of their interests.
- These concerns escalated during World War Two.
-Attempts at radicalisation not accepted by Italian people.
- Viewed with hilarity and irritation.
- Not taken seriously.
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