HOW AND WHY DOES HITLER BECOME CHANCELLOR IN JAN 1933

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Helen
  • Created on: 27-03-13 17:09

WHAT WAS IT LIKE BEFORE JAN 1933

1928 - HITLER & STRASSER REBUILT NAZIS - 'AN ELABORATE WELL - ORGANISED POLITICAL BODY WHOSE APPEAL WAS DIRECTED VIRTUALLY AT EBERY SECTOR OF THE POPULATION' - NAZI PARTY - MODERN - THE SA - NAZIS EXPLOITED INSECURITIES - HITLER UNITED PEOPLE INTO VOLKSGEMEINSCHAFT  - ATTACKED W.REPUBLIC - PROPAGANDA TARGETED ALL GROUPS

25 POINT PROGRAMME - NAZIS NATIONALIST - COMMITED TO NATIONALISM BIG BUSINESS, EXPROPORIATION OF LAND FOR COMMUNITY

REASSURED GERMANY WANTED TO SAVE THEM FROM COMMUNISM AND REBUILD ECONOMY - ESTABLISH LEBENSRAUM - BECOME SELF SUFFICENT

1930 - BRUNING GOVT FORMED BY CENTRE PEOPLES PARTY & DEMOCRATIC PARTY - OPPOSED BY SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC PARTY - SAID IF GOVT FAILED HE WOULD RULE BY EMERGENCY DECREE & DISSOLVE REICHSTAG - OCCURED ON SECOND BILL TO INCREASE TAX

1 of 5

THE 1930 ELECTION

NSDAP (NAZIS) - 12 TO 107 SEATS - 2CND LARGEST PARTY - PEOPLE VOTED FOR NAZIS - PROMISE OF WORK - SA ATTRACT YOUNG MALES

BRUNING FELL BECAUSE DEMOCRACY WEAKENED - LOTS OF E.DECREES - USE DEPRESSION TO STOP REPARATIONS - ECONOMIC RECOVERY - CUSTOMS UNION WITH AUSTRIA TRADE BUT NOT PAY DUTIES - UNION BANNED IN TOV - BANKING CRISIS 1931 - FRENCH NOT ALLOW E.LOAN - CUSTOMS UNIONS ABANDONED - BRUNING THREATENED STOPPING REPARATIONS - US PRESIDENT GAVE A MORATORIUM

BRUNING GOVT LOST SUPPORT - NAZIS OPPOSED HIM - POLICIES RUINING ARMS INDUSTRIES - PLANNING TO BANKRUPT ESTATES WHICH HINDENBURG HAD - BRUNING DISMIESSED IN 1932

2 of 5

THE 1930 ELECTION

COMMUNISTS - TURNED WORKING CLASS AREAS TO NO GO ZONES - 'RED DISTRICTS' - CONVINCED CAPITALISM GOING TO FALL - REVOLUTION GIVE THEM POWER - THE MUTTLESTAND FEARED COMMUNISTS STRONG ENOUGH TO ESTABLISH DICTATORSHIP.

THE NAZI PARTY - 2CND LARGEST - CONTINUED TO ATTRACT VOTERS - VOTERS VOTING FOR VAGUENESS OF N.PROGRAMME - ANY MESSAGE READ OUT OF IT - NAZIS BLOCKED HINDENBURGS LEGISLATION TO ALLOW HIM TO STAY IN POWER WITH NO ELECTION - LAUNCHED CAMPAIGN TO VOTE HITLER IN - HINDENBURG WON - N.VOTES 2M

VON PAPEN REGIME END OF PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY - CABINET OF MEN WANTING AUTHORTIAN STATE.

3 of 5

ELECTIONS 1932

DOUBLED VOTING TO 230 SEATS - NO MAJORITY - HITLER WANTED TO FORM A NEW GOVT - HINDENBURG OFFERED V.CHANCELLOR - NOV 1932 ELECTIONS BLOW FOR NAZIS - NOT ENOUGH MONEY FOR GOOD PROPGANDA - SUPPORT EBBING

VON SCHLEICHER DEC 1932 - JAN 1933 - HINDENBURG LOST FAITH IN V.SCHLEICHER ASKED V.PAPEN TO TLAK TO HITLER - HINBURG WITHDREW SUPPORT FOR V.SCHLEICHER - V.S RESIGNED JAN 1933 - 30TH JAN 1933 HITLER CHANCELLOR

IN 1932 NAZI SUPPORT DECLINE - NEARLY BANKRUPT - UNABLE TO GAIN POWER - SOME SIGNS ECONOMY RECOVERING - HITLERS APPOINTMENT MORE LIKELY - NO ONE STRONG ENOUGH TO CREATE AUTHORITARIAN REGGIMES WHICH ALL WANTED TO RESTORE GERMAN POWER

4 of 5

HITLER IN OFFICE BUT NOT IN POWER

HINDENBURG IN POWER - HITLER LITTLE POWER - HAD TO CONSOLIDATE POWER - 1933 - GLEICHSHALTUNG - CORODINATION OF NAZI IDEAS - CONTROL SOCIETY - HITLERS AIM TO PASS THROUGH ENABLING ACT - ALLOW TO FORM DICTATORSHIP

APRIL - JUNE 1933 - HITLER STOPPED TRADE UNION MOVEMENTS - 2CND MAY - SA & SS OCCUPIED TRADE UNION OFFICES - OFFICALS PUT IN C.CAMPS - UNIONS REPLACED BY GERMAN LABOUR FRONT - UNIVERSAL ENROLEMENT - HITLER ULTIMATE CONTROL - 10 MAY SPD ASSETS SEIZED - 21 JUNE SPD BANNED - ELIMNATED SOME OPPOSITION 

EMPLOYERS, BUSINESSES,  AGRICULTURE INTEREST GROUPS ONE ORGANISATION - 1 JUNE GERMAN INDUSTRY PAY 'ADOLF HITLER DONATION' - EXPRESS GRATITUDE FOR ELIMINATION OF TRADE UNIONS & ANTICIPATION OF REMARMNENT BOOM

SPRING 1933 - GOEBBELS CONTROLLED BROADCASTING - NEWSPAPERS & RADIO SUPPORT HITLER

5 of 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The rise of Germany from 1871 resources »