- Created by: Ryan62835
- Created on: 12-10-18 11:10
What is Functionalism? + Key Terms
Functionalismis a theory which claims everything has a role to play to ensure society is "healthy", including poverty.
- Social solidarity
Davis and Moore
Davis and Moore (1967) claimed that:
- Some jobs in society are more "functionally" important for society, which require more skill.
- People with the ability need to be encouraged to take on these important jobs through incentives.
- It gives people a reason to work.
Following on from Davis and Moore, Gans (1973) added that:
- The prospect of poverty ensures that all jobs, even the most undesireable jobs are filled.
- Poverty creates jobs e.g. social workers
- The threat of poverty will encourage people to work hard which will reinforce values of society.
- Low paid work keeps some industries running.
It is important to determine which position in society is more importnat - it is just personal opinion.
- Some people who have high levels of wealth have inherited it, not worked for it through functional purposes.
- Not all people work for material rewards, some people are motivated by other things.
- Poverty is not functional for the people in poverty and it can cause heartache for families and single parents who are trying to make ends meet.