What is HIV
- HIV is a virus that infects the cells of the human immune system, destroying and impairing in function which weakens peoples abilities to fight infections and diseases
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What is AIDS?
- AIDS is the symptoms and the infections that are associated with the deficiency of the immune system
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Incidence vs Prevalence
- Incidence is the number of new cases in a population
- Prevalence is the number of people infected by the virus
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How is HIV transmitted?
- HIV is transmitted through...
- Sex - STI
- Mother-to-baby transmission - breastfeeding, pregnancy and birth
- Drug use - sharing of needles
- Blood transplants
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Why is there a higher prevalence in women?
- There is a higher prevalence in women because...
- Women are biologically more susceptible to virus' than men
- Lack of knowledge due to a lack of education
- Forced sex
- Lack of decision making
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Impacts of HIV
- Reduction in life expectancy
- increased child mortality
- affects working age population
- increased chance of having a stillbirth or a miscarriage
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How is HIV treated?
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Where is the biggest prevalence of HIV?
The majority of people suffering from HIV live in sub-Saharan Africa.
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