Hitler's Policies towards Women

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  • Created by: Gem_22
  • Created on: 31-05-15 15:00

Breeding Programme

  • Women were seen as having biological purpose.
  • There were medals for women who had more than 4 children.
  • Encouraged unmarried women to have children via Lebensborn's - where unmarried women became pregnant by racially pure SS officers.
  • Banned contraception and abortion.
  • Serilized racially 'unpure'.
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  • Women were taken out of the labour market.
  • 1934: Women dismissed from the professions.
  • 1936: Women could not be judges or sit on jury.
  • Women were expected to be homemakers, wives and mothers.
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  • Girls from the age of ten joined the Jungmadelbund (Hitler Youth).
  • From fourteen they entered the Bund Dutscher Model (German Girls League).
  • They were taught their place was as a good wife and mother and their place was in the home.
  • Taught the 3 K's - Kinder, Kuche, Kirche (children, cooking, church).
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Physical Constraints

  • Not allowed makeup, hair dye or perms.
  • Only flat shoes and no trousers.
  • No slimming as was unhealthy and would upset child-bearing.
  • No smoking.
  • Long hair in buns or plaits.
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  • 1933: Law for the encouragement of marriage which gave newly weds a government loan of 1000 marks, which encouraged them to have children.
  • 1934: 10 commandments for choice of spouse which encouraged people fitting the German image to marry and keep the race pure.
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Positives of the Policies

  • In 1936 there were 30% more births.
  • Some women supported it.
  • Women wanted to have 4 kids to gain 1000 marks.
  • 4 children - bronze cross
  • 6 children - silver cross
  • 8+ children - gold cross & mutter krutz (mother's cross)
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Negatives of the Policies

  • Women joined opposition groups.
  • They were deprived of life experiences.
  • They criticised the policy.
  • Some women were suited to certain jobs.
  • Many women would remain unfulfilled.
  • Employment of women rose between 1933 and 1939.
  • More children meant more money was needed.
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