- Only allowing aristocracy into the Zemstva would ensure no public opposition to the Tsar.
- Using the Okhrana meant more fear so people did as told.
- Many people forced "underground" so bad links, poor organisation.
- People pleased with the government's measures to prevent terrorism.
- Russification was fairly popular in the short term - most Russians xenophobic, so Russia could feel superior to other countries.
- During the 1880's Russia developed economically but lack of political reform held it back. Industrialisation led to desire for political rights.
- Rising university prices made people resentful. They would have to discuss things underground, however and so could not organise anything against the Tsar due to poor links.
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- Persecution of Jews & minorities led them to resent the Tsar & join his underground opponents.
- Those who were no longer allowed in the Zemstva would have been more determined & underground groups would remain present.
- Using Okhrana drove radicals underground.
- Russification caused resentment & made countries want their independence.
- Rising university prices caused a lot of resentment and drove discussion underground.
- The excessive control over the Zemstva alienated the middle classes, potentially driving them to oppose the Tsar and they had the power to actually get things done.
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