1558 Religious spectrum
Radical minority of the catholics and the Purituns with the Elizabethan and moderate protestant majourity.
- Elizabeth called parliment to gather more opinions.
- Most were moderate protestant
- She decided on moderate protestant but made a few changes
- Thus establishing the ELIZABETHAN CHURCH SETTLEMENT!!!
What Elizabeth Believed
- She was brought up as a christian protestant
- She disliked the authority of the pope
- She thought it was important to unite the country
- She wanted her people to obey her and not to cause trouble
- She didn't want to punish people because of their religious beliefs
Act of Supremacy
- Protestant Country
- Elizabeth became head of the church and was known as the "Supreme Govenor"
- Bishops would help her govern the new church
- They had to take an oath or they could be imprisioned, if refused 3 times they could be executed
Act of Uniformity
- A new Protestant Prayer Book.
- Church services & bible in English
- Ornaments and decorations were allowed
- Clergymen were allowed to marry & had to wear vestments. Also they needed to take an Oath agreeing to the new prayer book
- RESCUSENTS (people who refused to go) had to pay a fine of 1 shilling (5p) and this was a large sum for the poor but a small sum for the rich.
New Church in Practice
- Elizabethan Didn't want the new church to be too strict
- New Archbishop of Cantanbury, Matthew Parker, a moderate Protestant and popular with people.
- Most churchmen took the oath of loyalty 250/9000 refused and lost their jobs.
- New Church seemed to have worked.
What the Puritans wanted
- Plain and sumple so they could purify the old catholic religion so they could concentrate on God.
- No decorations, drunkness, swearing and gambling on Sundays
- Did not like the 1559 setllement because it was too much like the catholic church.
1559- Hoped religious settlement was temporary because they didn't expect it to be powerful.
1566- Puritan MPs demanded that priests should wear plain white gowns
How serious and their solutions?
- If these ideas were enforced than the puritans would ask for more
- Elizabeth asked Matthew Parker to issue new rules about wearing vestments however 30 priests were expelled and the vestments were brought up again in the 1570s.
Walter Strickland, a puriatn MP wanted to introduce a new prayer book and ban vestments
Serious and solution?
- Repeated argument of the vestments
- Elizabeth closed parliment before his ideas could be discussed
- The head of the church was attracted to these meetings and attracted people
- Elizabeth suspended the archbishop of Cantenbury for disobeying her orders to ban the meetings
- Elizabeth appounted John Whitgift as the new Archbishop of Cantenbury
- Who banned the meetings and expelled 200 priests
-Towards the End of 1570s to the beginning of the 1580s the puritans organised prayer meetings called "Prophesying" to spread their ideas. The Archbishop of Cantenbury Edmund Grindal was a puritan and attented these meetings.
Serious and Solution
-In 1583, William Stubbs, a puritan wrote a pamplet critizizing Elizabeth for holding marriage talks with the catholic prince of France.
The leaflet was to discourage the french prince and Elizabeth's relationship.
Serious and solution
- Could have started a rebellion because being ruled by foreign rulers was unpopular.
- Elizabeth cut off Stubb's hand so he couldn't write anymore.
-In 1580s, Sir Anthony Cope, A puritan MP set a bill againsts Elizabeth to change everything about the Elizabethan Church.
Serious and Solution
- Everybody thought he was going to fail because no puritan had succeeded.
- Cope and 4 of his supporters were imprisioned in the tower of London showing Elizabeth had enough of the puritun campaign.
- Some puritans issued a series of anonymous paplets called the Marpretate tracks.
- They contained strong complaints about the church and the bishops.
Serious and Solution
- Not serious, the majourity of England supported Elizabeth's new church
- - SInce the pamplet was anonymous, it means the puritans feared Elizabeth
Mary, Queen of Scots 
Born: December 1542
Became Queen: A week after she was born
Send to France: 1542
Queen of France: 1557
1st Husband died: 1559
Returned to Scotland: August 1561
Mary, Queen of Scots (2) 1551-1568
- Mary's Problems as she returned to Scotland were:
- When Mary left, Scotland was catholic but when she returned Scotland was protestant.
- John Knox, led mobs to break the statue of the catholic church and mary could do nothing.
- Mary's Marriage to Darnly
- Darnly was foolish and jealous cousin. He murdered David Rizzio, Mary's secretary in March 1566.
- He brough thugs just outside where Mary was, she never forgave him.
- Mary's marriage to Bothwell
-Darnly was blown up and strangled to death, it was said to be the Earl of Bothwell that killed him.
Mary, Queen of Scots (2) 1551- 1568
- 3 Months after the murder, Mary married Bothewell which made the Scots think she was guilty.
- She was placed in Prison
- She fled to England begging Elizabeth to protect her.
Mary, Queen of Scots (3) Sympathise
- She Grew up in France so she didn't really know Scotland.
- She could do nothing to help her religion
- Her 1st husband died and father died after a short period of time.
- She had to become queen so early in life.
Mary, Queen of Scots (4) Criticize
- She chose to marry a foolish and jealous cousin.
- She did nothing to help her secretary
- She married the main suspect which killed her second husband making her look guilty.
- Her foolish acts proved she lost her throne.
How great was the Catholic during the period 15
>>Catholics was very loyal because she was popular
>> HOped she'd marry a catholic and follow the religion.
>> Mary, Queen of Scots didn't have any support
- The scots were protestant
- They had nothing to do with their Queen but caused an uproar.
>> France and Spain minimal threat (catholic countries)
>> France had suffered great damage from civil war.
>> Phillip I, King of Spain wanted to Marry Elizabeth.
Options of Elizabeth about Mary, Queen of Scots
1) Help Mary, Queen Of Scots regain her throne.
2)Send Mary to France
3)Send her to Scotland where the Scots wanted her.
4)Keep Mary in England.
5) Execute Mary.
Write Advanatages and Disadvantages.
Did these benefit Mary?
Serious rebellion broke out in the north. =Mary did not believe it would succeed.
1569- Thomas Howard, THe Duke of Norfolk wnated to marry Mary but she would only agree in Elizabeth agreed. =Elizabeth disapproved and banned the marriage.
1570s- The pope excommunicated Elizabeth. =Servant of Wickedness =Catholics must not obey her =Not the rightful queen, illegimate *******.
1571- Ridolfi Plot =Overthrow Elizabeth and Make Mar Queen =Spanish Army help English Catholics to overthrow =Mary becomes Queen and marries the Duke of Norfolk.
August 1572- The St Batholomes massacre =weakened strength againsts the protestant -Mid 1570s- Catholic priests arrive in England =Practically illegal to be catholic
1568-87 The Catholic Plot Short Terms
1585- The Throckmorton Plot
=Whole Army paid by the pope and Spain.
=Support from powerful support
=Mary was locked up.
-1584,The murder of William of Orange.
= Fear the parliment >>Paranoid
=Security tightened for Elizabeth
1585- Outbreak of War with Spain
=Many Englishmen against the idea of a foreign ruler
1568-87 The Catholic Plot Short Terms continued
1586-Babington Plot =Letters from the Plot proved Mary was guilty =Mary was going to be executed
1568-1603 - Catholic Threat of Decline
- Catholics lacked a leader
- Moderate protestant settlement established
- No catholic plotsw againsts the Queen
- Some catholics just waited for Elizabeth to Die.
However, Catholic Threat still existed:
- A War against Spain till 1604