History Penicillin and Fleming

Revision Card for GCSE history Paper 2

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  • Created by: amyhew
  • Created on: 06-06-12 15:00

What can be learned from the source question

What can be learned from the source question

  • 6 marks
  • nearly always the first question

       Examples

  • what impression of Fleming do you get from the source?
  • what can a historian learn about medical care around this time?
  • what can you learn from the source about health care before the NHS?

       Techniques

  • Start by saying what the source tells you or shows clearly
  • explain what you can infer from the soure (use your own knowledge to do this)

       Top tips

  • don't just repeate what the source says
  • think about what the source suggests about attitudes and opinions
  • only write relevant things
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What is the message of the source question

What is the message of the source question

  • 8 marks
  • usally about newspaper cartoons

        Examples

  • study source B, what is the message of the cartoon?

        Technique

  • try to identify the main message of the cartoon as a whole and beign by writing what it is. what point is the catoonist trying to make?
  • use details and examples from the source to show how the atist puts the message across
  • use your knowledge to explain why the artist my have the point of view

         Top Tips

  • Dont just describe what you can see in the source
  • do not base your answer on just one detail look at the source as a whole!
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Comparing sources question

Comparing sources question

  • 6 or 8 marks

        Examples

  • study sources B and D how different are these two sources?
  • How far does source A support the view of the NHS in sources C and D?

        Technique

  • draw a quick plan
  • dont just think about the surface details think what can you infer from the source. what are the attitudes are they similar or different?
  • write 2 paragraphs 1 about similarities 1 about differences
  • use specific details to back up points 

         Top Tips

  • Make sure you answer the question
  • for an A* consider to what extent to which they are similar or different
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Explaining why the sources disagree question

Explaining why the sources disagree question

  • 8 marks

         Example

  • Study source A and B. Why do you think these sources differ?

          Technique

  • identify difference
  • infer
  • write about what the differences are
  • consider the author of the source? why would they want to give that impression?
  • consider where the sources came from? what is the aim of the source?
  • explain the difference

            Top Tips

  • avoid just saying how they are different say why
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How useful question

How useful question

  • 8 marks

         Examples

  • study source D, how useful is this question to a historian trying to study the development of Penicillin?
  • which of these two source is most valuable for a historian trying to stufy the importance of pare in the history of medicine?

         Technique

  • plan
  • what does the source tell you. anything specific? views?
  • what does the source not tell you. misleading? does it reflect everyones views?
  • write a paragraph about the usefulness of each source
  • answer the question! its always a good idea to write a conclusion
  • all sources are useful in some ways
  • use your knowledge if you want a good grade
  • dont make general comments be specific
  • think is the source unrealiable?
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How reliable/ Does it prove question

How reliable/ Does it prove question

  • 8 marks

        Examples

  • study source E does it prove that Fleming does not deserve the credit for the development of Penicillin?

        Technique

  • what is the source trying to say about the issue?
  • provenance of the source. who? when? why?
  • is the author biased? explain why
  • think about your own knowledge does this support the source?
  • compare it to other sources
  • give a short conclusion that links the answer back to the question

        Top Tips

  • dont make general comments
  • never say a source could be biased without giving a reason
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Are you surprised question

Are you surprised question

  • 8 or 9 marks

         Examples

  • are you surprised by what Fleming says in source D?

         Techniques

  • what is the source telling you
  • consider what you know already about what the source is saying
  • write down something you know that agrees and something you know that disagrees

         Top Tips

  • all about your knowledge
  • try to comment about being surprised or not
  • use quotes
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Do all the sources agree with this statement quest

Do all the sources agree with this statement question

  • 10 marks
  • always last question

          Examples

  • Fleming's role has been exaggerated. how far do the sources on this paper support this view?
  • the introduction of the health service was popular. how far do the sources agree with this opinion?

          Technique

  • plan
  • go through source one by one decide do they agree or disagree?
  • always right which sources you are referring too
  • write 2 paragraphs; 1 with all the sources that agree and 1 with all the sources that disagree
  • as you do this ensure that you use details and examples from the sources to back up what you say
  • Explain how the source agrees/ disagrees
  • write a clear conclusion which answers the question fully

          Top Tip

  • use every source if you want a high grade
  • some sources might agree and disagree so put them in both paragraphs 
  • refer to source clearly
  • specific example
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REMEMBER IN ALL QUESTIONS

PEED

  • POINT
  • EVIDENCE
  • EXPLAIN
  • DEVELOP
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Good Luck


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