History of Surgery

A list of Chemicals, Equipment, People and Dates that all had a significant effect on the development of surgery

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  • Created by: Jess Crry
  • Created on: 31-05-10 09:58

Chemicals

  • Ether
  • Chloroform
  • Carbolic acid
  • Rubber
  • Steam
  • Gas
  • Blood
  • Sodium Citrate
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Equipment

  • Knives
  • Tournique
  • Chloroform inhaler
  • Carbolic spray
  • Rubber gloves
  • Blood pumps
  • X-ray machines
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People

  • Humprey Davy (discovery of Ether)
  • James Simpson (discovery of Chloroform)
  • Florence Nightingale (Cleanliness and supplies)
  • Ignaz Semmelweiss (Cleanliness/ washing hands)
  • Louis Pasteur (germ therory)
  • JOSEPH LISTER (antiseptics, carbolic acid and catgut)
  • Robert Koch (boiling far more affective than carbolic acid)
  • Karl Landsteiner (blood groups)
  • Richard Lewisohn (Sodium chloride, blood easier to store and usable later)
  • francis Raus and James Turner (citrate glucose, makes blood storable)
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Dates and Places

  • USA 1846 (Ether discovered)
  • Edinburgh c. 1850 (chloroform discovered)
  • Scutari, Turkey 1854 (Florence Nightingale sent to tend he sick)
  • 1864 Carlisle (Carbolic acid used to kill parasites)
  • 1901-1902 (blood groups)
  • 1914-1918 (WW1, many died from blood loss)
  • 1917 (blood depot set, up using blood group O)
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