History Of Medicine- The Renaissance

Revision cards on Versalius, Harvey and Paré

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Versalius- Anatomy

Versalius was born in Brussels in 1514.

He was a Professor at Padua in 1537.

His first book was based on the teachings of Galen, and was published in 1538. It contained mistakes that Galen had made, such as that the sternum was made from 7 parts, whereas Versalius later discovered it contains 3 parts.

His most famous book, Fabric of the Human Body, was published in 1543.

Fabric of the Human Body was the first modern Anatomy textbook.

It's mass publication was made mossible by the new technology of Printing.

It contained 23 full page anatomical pictures, and another 180 illustrations of aspects of the body.

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Versalius- Anatomy

Fabric of the Human Body was an instant success all over Europe.

It corrected Galen's ideas. Clever Versalius.

Versalius championed the idea that anatomical work should be based on Dissection done by the surgical professors themselves.

The pictures and diagrams for his book were carved by Jan van Calcar, in Cherrywood.

The carvings were done in Venice.

The book was printed Switzerland.

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William Harvey- Anatomy

William Harvey was born in Kent, in 1578.

He studied at Cambridge and Padua.

He worked as a Doctor in London and a Lecturer on Anatomy.

He died in 1657.

He worte An Anatomical Account of the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals.It did what it said on the tin.

This was published in 1628.

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William Harvey- Anatomy

He proved that blood flows around the body, is carried away from the heart by Arteries and to the heart via Veins.

He proved that the heart is a pump, and doesn't burn blood.

Came to this conclusion by dissecting, experimenting, observing and measuring.

He predicted the existance of Capillaries. After the development of the Microscope in the 1600's, they could be seen.

It was not until 1673 that medical universities began to teach Harvey's ideas rather than Galens.

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Ambroise Paré- Surgery

He was born in 1510.

Gained an apprenticeship to become a barber-surgeon at the Paris hospital of Hotel Dieu in 1536.

He died in 1590.

Became a medical surgeon in the French Army.

Published works in 1545 and 1553 on the treatment of wounds by firearms and arrows.

Becamse a surgeon to the French King in 1552.

At the time, Cauterisation was used to heal over wounds. Paré instead began to use a mixture of egg yolk, rose oil and turpentine.

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Ambroise Paré- Surgery

Paré also proved that a Bezoar stone was not a cure to all poisons, by giving a condemned criminal a Bezoar and then poisoning him. Surprise surprise, the criminal died.

Before Paré, Cauterisation was used to stop the loss of blood following amputations. This involved using a red-hot iron to basically cook the flesh shut. Funnily enough, this was quite unpleasant.

Paré chose to start using Ligatures, which involved tying up each individual artery and vien shut with tiny pieces of silk thread. Whilst this was slightly less extreme than cauterisatin, it did entail allowing infections deep into the body.

He published a collection of works entitled "Works on Surgery", which, unlike most of the other medical books of the time, was written in French, not Latin.

This was published in 1575.

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Matt Sharp


You really have to be sad to take this. Thank you.



Matt, you smell. I will eat you next time i see you. Rawr. :P




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