History - Nazi Germany - How and why was Hitler able to become Chancellor in January 1933?

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  • Created by: clarissa
  • Created on: 27-05-13 21:34

Wall Street Crash and Depression

  • Wall Street Crash - In 1929 American Stock Exchange collaped - America called in all foreign loans - this destroyed the Weimar Republic
  • Depression in Germany - because of the Wall Street Crash and Treaty of Versailles from WW1 - 6 million people unemployed - showed weakness of Weimar Republic who could not solve the problem
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Support of the Nazi Party

  • The german people were angry with the Weimar Republic 
  • Bruning, Von Papen and Von Schleicher were all chancellors within two years but could not solve the German Depression
  • People turned towards extremist parties like Communists and Nazis
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Hitler's Promises

Hitler made promises to Germans:

  • Protection from communism
  • Destroy Treaty of Versailles
  • Give jobs to everyone
  • Regain national pride
  • Increase in the price of agricultural products
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Hitler gaining votes

Hitler gained votes because:

  • Hitler was a very persuasive public speaker and understood ordinary people
  • The SA ( stormtroopers in brownshirts) promoted Nazi activities and attacked opponents ( Communists) - led by Ernst Roem
  • Propaganda by Joseph Goebbels - in newspapers, posters, radio and news films in cinemas
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Elections

  • 1928 - Nazis only had 12 seats
  • 1932 - Nazis had 230 seats - largest party but never gained overall majority - 43.9%
  • Reichstag was chaos - divided over how to deal with depression
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Hitler becoming Chancellor

  • President Hindenberg and Von Papen offer Hitler the role of Vice Chancellor ( to have te Nazi Party on their side)
  • Hitler refuses and demands to be Chancellor
  • They agree thinking that they could control Hitler - January 1933 Hitler became Chancellor
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