history key topic one

terms of t of v

stab in the back

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treaty of versailles

Germany had to pay reperations to the Allies.

  • reperations were eventually fixed in 1921 at 136,000 million marks (£6600 million)

Germany lost all its colonies

  • the 11 german colonies in africa and the far east were given to victorious ocontries as 'mandates' - territories to look after

germany military forces were cut out

  • the army was limited to 100,000 to be used internally only
  • the navy limited to 6 battleships, 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers and 12 torpedo boats. no submarines.
  • no air force allowed. existing air force destroyed
  • the rhineland was demilitarised - the germany army was not allowed in the rhineland which bordered france.

Germany lost land - alsace and lorraine lost to france

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