History Germany 1918-1939

  • Created by: lemon1462
  • Created on: 21-05-15 09:38

Reichstag fire: 27 Feb 1933

The building was set on fire. Dutch communist caught red-handed in the burning building

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Night of the long knives: 30 June 1934

Some SA leaders are demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda, and that the SA take over the army. Hitler cannot afford to annoy the businessmen or the army, so the ** murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents.

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Führer : 19 Aug 1934

When Hindenburg dies, Hitler declares himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army.

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General Election: 5 Mar 1933

Only 44 per cent of the population vote for the Nazis, who win 288 seats in the Reichstag

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Enabling act: 23 Mar 1933

The SA intimidates all the remaining non-Nazi deputies. The Reichstag votes to give Hitler the right to make his own laws.

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Local Government: 26 April 1933

Reorganised - the country is carved up into 42 Gaus, which are run by a Gauleiter. These Gaus are separated into areas, localities and blocks of flats run by a Blockleiter. Hitler sets up the Gestapo.

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Trade unions: 2 May 1933

Abolished and their leaders arrested

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Concordat: 20 June 1933

Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope who sees him as someone who can destroy communism. This agreement allows Hitler to take over political power in Germany as long as he leaves the Catholic Church alone.

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Political parties: 14 July 1933

Banned - only the Nazi party is allowed to exist.

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People's Courts: 24 April 1934

Hitler sets up the Nazi people's courts where judges have to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis.

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