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9th November 1918

The Weimar Republic was formed.

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28th June 1919

Treaty of Versailles

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Treaty of Versailles facts

G-ulit= Find someone to blame.

A-rmed Forces= To be dealt with in Germany.

R-eparations= Who has to pay.

German Territories= What to do.

League of Nations= To be formed.

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Treaty of Versailles facts and figures.

Guilt= Put on Germany

Armed forces= Amy of just 100, 000 men

-Navy of 6 battleships

Reparations= Germany had to pay £6.6billion (for damage done by war)

German Territories= Germany lost land in Europe.

-German colonies were given to France and Britain.

League of Nations= An international forum to settle disputes by discussion (not war).

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Occupation of the Ruhr and Hyperinflation

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Occupation of the Ruhr facts


-Germany was falling behind with reparation payments.

-France and Belgium then decided to invade the Ruhr

-German workers in the Ruhr resisted (PASSIVE RESISTANCE)

-Germany loses the Ruhr that produces; goods, raw materials and coal.

-Germany became poorer and workers began to not be paid.

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Hyperinflation facts

-Government did not have enough money for passive resistance so they printed MORE money.

-This causes value of money to go down and value of goods to go up.

-In 1923 so much money was printed and this meant it went from inlfation to hyperinflation making money worthless.

-People lost savings

-People's wages could not keep up with price rises.

-The German government got the blame for the price rises.

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Munich Putsch

-Led by Hitler and 600 Nazis.

-In the burger Keller (beer hall)

-Where von Kahr, von seisser and von Lossow were attending a meeting.

-Hitler took hostage of them.

-Ludendorff allows them to make phone calls to family but they call the police and army instead.

-Beer hall chaos is therefore broken up

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8th to 9th November 1923

The Munich Putsch.

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Munich Putsch outcome.

-Despite failure Hitler went ahead with the march on Munich.

-Nazis had only 2,000 rifles

-16 Nazis killed.

-4 police killed.

-Ludendorff arrested.

-Nazi party banned.

-Hitler dissapeard for two days and then was arrested and put on trial for treason.

-Judges treated Hitler lightly.

-He was sent to prison for 5 years.

-There he wrong 'Mein Kampf'

-The Munich Putsch taught him that a violent approach wouldnt work.

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Dawes Plan.

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Dawes Plan

-Stresseman introduced a new currency.

-USA loans and the new currency became the new answer for economic recovery (formed from the support of the Weimar Government).

-The Dawes plan= USA loans to assist recovery.

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The Young Plan

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Young Plan

The amount Germany had to pay reduced and the amount of time given extended to 59 years.

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October 1929

Wall street crash

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The Wall street crash


-Money became worthless.

-Thousands of Germans business went bankrupt.

-Wall street crash stopped payments to Germany.

-German government could no longer pay off reparations of uphold German jobs.

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January 1933

Hitler appointed Chancellor.

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How did Hitler become Chancellor.

1932- Hindenburg didnt get the 50% of the votes he needed during the election so Hitler could ake him to the 2nd round.

-Big businesses funded Hitler's party because they were scared of communism.

-Alfred Hindenburg permitted that the Nazis published articles attacking Hindenburg.

-The SA; disrupted opponent's meetings, brown uniforms to make them stand out and seem like the final solution.

-Hitler was a excellent speaker and was 'all things to all people'

-Presented himself as a law abiding citizen.

-Around 6 million unemployed.

-He used the depression to promise better things.

-When he stood against Hindenburg and lost this gained him 230 seats in the Reichstag making them the largest party.

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27 Febuary 1933

The Reichstag Fire

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Reichstag Fire

-One week before the election the Reichstag was set on fire.

-The Nazis arrested Marinus van der Lubbe (A dutch communist)

-Hitler and Goebbels claimed that the communitst were about to stage a take over.

-Hitler was allowed to asked for an 'Enabling Act'.

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March 1933

Enabling Act.

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March 1933

Enabling Act.

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Enabling Act

Hitler convinced Hindenburg to sign the-

'Decree for the protection of people and state'

-This suspended basic civil rights.

-Communist and socialist newspapers

-Despite  imprisoning opponenents they fail towin a majority.

-Next they formed a coalition party with a National party in attempt to win majority.


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30 June 1934

The Night of the Long Knives

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The Night of the Long Knives Reasons

Hitler wanted to get rid of Rohm because this would;

-create less socialism.

-Get rid of oppositon of the army.

-Rumours were going around that he attempted to murder Hitler.

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The Night of Long Knives

-Hitler got friends to make 'Hit- lists' of disloyal SA men. (Himmer, Heydrich and Goering.

-Hitler heres from Himmler that Rohm was about to seize power.

-SS and police arrest dozes of the SA.

-Many shot dead in homes.

-Others taken to concentration camps for execution.

-Rohm jailed and then shot the next day by the SS.

-Strasser was shot.

-Schleicher was killed.


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Significance of the Night of Long Knives

-SS had become more significant than the SA

-Secured support of the German Army

-Clear terror would play a big part in Hitler's rule

-Potential opponents removed.

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2nd August 1934

Death of Hindenburg

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Death of Hindenburg.

-Hitler combined the 2 roles of chancellor and president.

-Making him Fuhrer.

-In Refrendum on the 19th August more than 90% of the votes agreed with this action.

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2nd August 1934

Oath of Loyalty

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Oath of Loyalty

-Each member of the German armed forces (Wehrmacht) swore an oath of personal allegiance to Adolf Hitler -- and not to the constitution.

-This oath went into effect on 2 August 1934

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