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Medieval Law and Order

Law + Order very harsh in Medieval England

people only learned how to behave properly if feared wat would happen 2 them if broke the law

even smallest offences had serious punishments

each accused person had 2 go through ordeal

there were 3 ordeals

Ordeal by fire: accused person had to hold red hot iron bar + walked 3 paces. Hand was then bandaged & left for 3 days. If wound got better= innocent, didn't heal= guilty

Ordeal by water: accused person tied up & thrown into water. if floated= guilty

Ordeal by combat: used by noblemen who'd been accused of something would fight in

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Medieval Law and Order no. 2

combat with their accuser. won fight= was right , lost= usually dead @ end

Henry ll (1154 - 1189) did not think methods were fair or sensible

wen henry ll came to thrown in 1154 first job was 2 restore oder & make everyone in England obey his laws.

by time of Henry ll, system of law in England had been improved coz Henry sent out his own judges from London 2 listen to cases throughout all England's counties.

In 1215 pope decided that priests in england must not help with ordeals.

as a result : ordeals were replaced by trails by juries

these were not popular with people as they felt their neighbors had grudge against them & used opportunity of trail 2 get revenge

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Medieval Law and Order no.3

1275 a law was introduced which allowed people 2 b tortured if refused to go to trail before a jury.

if found guilty of a crime you would expect to face severe punishment

thieves: hands cut off

woman who committed murder = strangled and then burnt

illegal hunted: (royal parks) ears cut off

high treason: were hung drawn and quartered

very few prisons coz cost money (local communities not prepared to pay)

most towns had a gibbet just outside of it were people were hung and body left to rot over weeks as a warning to others

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