History

IMPORTANT PEOPLE THROUGH MEDICINE

SURGERY - BARRIERS

HOSPITALS

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PAIN 1 OF 3 BARRIERS

THEODORIC OF LUCAA (1205 - 1296) - USED OPIUM TO REDUCE PAIN DURING OPERATIONS.

AMROISE PARE  (1517 - 1590)- PRESSED ON THE CARTOID ARTERY TO MAKE THE PATIENT UN-CONCIOUS

WILLIAM MORTON & ROBERT LISTON -USED ETHER DURING REMOVING TEETH AND AMPUTATION ( HAD BAD SIDE EFFECTS BUT WORKED )

JAMES SIMPSON- BEGAN USING CHLOROFORM

 

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MARK O'CONNELL

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INFECTION 1 OF 3 BARRIERS

LOUIS PASTEUR - IN 1861 HE PUBLISHED HIS EXPERIMENTS THAT PROVED THAT GERMS CAUSED INFECTION.

JOSEPH LISTER - 1865- USED CARBOLIC ACID TO KILL GERMS IN THE OPERATING THEATRE.

WJ HALSTEAD - RECOMMENDED THE USE OF RUBBER GLOVES ( THIS WAS THE BEGINNING OF ASEPTIC SURGERY (ASEPTIC SURGERY- KILLING GERMS BEFORE ENTERING THE OPERATING THEATRE)

ROBERT KOCH - 1890 - DISOVERED THAT HOT STEAM KILLED MORE GERMS THAN CARBOLIC ACID .

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MARK O'CONNELL

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BLEEDING 1 OF 3 BARRIERS

IN 1667 THE FIRST RECORDED ATTMPT TO REPLACE LOST BLOOD.

IN 1901 THE BLOOD GROUPS WERE IDENTIFIED (A, AB , B, O)

IN 1914 ALBERT HUSTIN FOUND THAT SODIUM CITRATE STOPPED BLOOD CLOTTING WHICH MADE BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS EASIER.

IN 1917 THE STORAGE OF BLOOD BANKS BEGAN.

WW2 SAW THE BEGINNING OF THE BLOOD TRANSFUSION SERVICE.

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MARK O'CONNELL

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