History Revision

  • Created by: leeannnee
  • Created on: 27-05-17 14:53

Living Conditions in 19th Century London

1) Pollution

2) Overcrowding

3) Disease

4) Waste Disposal

5) Poor Housing

6) Lack of Water

7) 76,000 in Poverty

8) 871 families in 9 per room

9) Slums

10) Racial Tension

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Jack the Ripper Victims

1) Polly Nichols - August 31st 1988

2) Annie Chapman - September 8th 1988

3) Elizabeth Stride - September 30th 1988

4) Catherine Eddowes - September 30th 1988

5) Mary Kelly - November 9th 1988

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Jack the Ripper Suspects

1) John Druitt- strong, dissect, suicide, not in East End, suicide not sure

2) Victor Albert- lunatic asylum, deer, wife knew PL, AC, MK, prince reputation ruined

3) Francis Tumblety- doctor, was in prison during 2 murders

4) Michael Ostrog- cruel to women, homosexuals, arrested @ MK death, JTR lookalike, no beard

5) Joseph Barnett- dated MK, hated her being, waited 1 and 1/2 years for MK death

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Police Methods

1) Catch in the act
2) Witnesses
3) Own up
4) Questioning
5) Advertising
6) Detectives
7) Develop skills
8) Blood hounds
9) Pardon accomplices
10) Share resources
11) Dress up
12) Work with other districts

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Long and Short Term Causes

Long Term:

1) Nationalism

2) Imperialism

Short Term:

1) Assassination Archduke Ferdinand

2) Alliances

3) Militarism

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Trench Warfare

1- Rats
2- Lice
3- Weather
4- Rations
5- Disease
6- Discomfort
7- Snipers
8- Routines
9- Gas
10- Shells

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Battle of the Somme

1st July 1916

British and French against Germans

The British start with a seven day assault. They made a bombardment on German Shells.

Germans could stand it and after it was over, they were ready and waiting to make their move.

They shot down all soldiers on the front line carrying out this assault.

57,470 soldiers killed on the 1st Day

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- Poison Gas
- Gas Masks
- Rifles
- Tanks
- Machine Guns
- Aircraft
- Artillery
- Submaries

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Treaty of Versailles

1) 100,000 soldiers allowed

2) No airforces / submarines / tanks

3) 60 billion reparations

4) Forbbiden to unite with Austria

5) Only 6 battleships allowed

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Rise of Hitler

1. Hitler was a great speaker, with the power to make people support him.
2. The moderate political parties would not work together, although together they had more support than the Nazis.
3. The depression of 1929 created poverty and unemployment, which made people angry with the Weimar government. People lost confidence in the democratic system and turned towards the extremist political parties such as the Communists and Nazis during the depression.
4. The Nazi storm troopers attacked Hitler's opponents.
5. Goebbels' propaganda campaign was very effective and it won support for the Nazis. The Nazis targeted specific groups of society with different slogans and policies to win their support.
6. Hitler was given power in a seedy political deal by Hindenburg and Papen who foolishly thought they could control him.
7. German people were still angry about the Treaty of Versailles and supported Hitler because he promised to overturn it.
8. Industrialists gave Hitler money and support.

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How Hitler ruled

1) No Democracy

2) No Free Speech

3) Controlled media

4) Murder any opposers of Nazism

5) Communists vs Nazis Street fight


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Breaking the Treaty

- Hitler demands Sudetenland to reunite with Germans

- Rhineland march

- 850,000 soldiers

- 120 battleships

- 8500 aeroplanes

- Forced Austria to hold vote for alliance

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Neville Chamberlain decided appeasement with Hitler was best in order for World War Two to never occur.

Britain and France gave Hitler everything he wanted so as long they do not harm anyone to start another war.

However, Germany invaded Czechslovakia and people knew that what Hitler had promised was very much a lie and this is when the Second World War began.

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Turning point of WW2

Battle of the Atlantic 1941-1943

German defeat, British Victory

This is the turning point of the Second World war because this battle was most effective against Germnay as they were on a losing streak and they had lost a large amount of their army.

90% of German soldiers were killed in Yugoslavia

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