History of Medicine

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  • Created by: I.T.P
  • Created on: 21-02-18 18:36

What is Anatomy?

1. The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals and other living organisms, especially as revealed by dissection and the separation of parts.

2. A study of the structure or internal workings of something.

The history of anatomy extends from the earliest examinations of  sacrificial victims to the sophisticated analyses of the body performed by modern scientists. It has been characterized, over time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body.The study of anatomy begins at least as early as 1600 BC. This treatise shows that the heart, its vessels, liver, spleen, kidneys, hypothalamos, uterus and bladder were recognized, and that the blood vessels were known to emanate from the heart. The Egyptians seem to have known little about the function of the kidneys and made the heart the meeting point of a number of vessels which carried all the fluids of the body – blood, tears, urine and semen.

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What is Mummification?

Mummification is a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved. The process can occur naturally or it can be intentional. If it occurs naturally, it is the result of cold, acid or dryness.

The earliest Egyptians buried their dead in shallow pits in the desert. The hot, dry sand quickly removed moisture from the dead body and created a natural mummy. In order to ensure that the body was preserved the Ancient Egyptians began to use a process called mummification.

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What is Pharmacology?

The branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs.

A brief history of pharmacology. Originating in the 19th century, the discipline makes drug development possible. Pharmacology is one of the cornerstones of the drug discovery process. ... Etymologically, pharmacology is the science of drugs (Greek pharmakos, medicine or drug; and logos, study).

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What is the River Nile?

The Nile River is the reason that the ancient Egyptians developed their civilization. The surround areas of Egyt are desert and the Nile River brought water and rich soil that could be used to fertilize and grow crops. The Nile River is considered to be the longest river in the world at 6,853km and flows in a majority of northeastern Africa.

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What is Physiology?

The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts. The way in which a iving organism or bodily part functions.

The study of physiology traces its roots back to ancient India and Egypt. As a medical discipline, it goes back at least as far as the time of Hippocrates, the famous "father of medicine" - around 420 BC.

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