Henry's foreign policy aims

1509-11

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  • Created by: Alex
  • Created on: 04-03-12 10:24

Reasons for the dominance of foreign policy

Foreign policy dominated the first twenty years of Henry VIII’s reign. The reasons for this dominance are:

  • Henry wanted to win back French territories lost during the previous century
  • He found war glamorous and wanted to assert himself as a renaissance prince. His heroes were Henry V and fictional King Arthur
  • Henry wanted England to be politically at the heart of Europe, not just a small nation on the periphery

 

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European Context

  • Europe was dominated by the powers of Spain, France and the Holy Roman Empire.
  • In 1508, France had intervened to save Venice from papal attack. Pope Julius II then called for a ‘Holy League’ to expel France from Italy.
  • England and Spain joined this league, and Henry prepared to attack France.
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First French War, 1511-12

  • Henry believed King Ferdinand of Spain would help England win back Aquitaine in France but the promised help never arrived
  • Ferdinand used the English invasion as a diversion while he conquered Navarre
  • Dorset’s troops began to die of dysentery in vast numbers. The commander had little choice but to retreat and head for home.
  • Ferdinand made peace with France and Henry felt betrayed
  • Dorset found that Ferdinand had accused him of incompetence.
  • Henry learnt that allies couldn’t necessarily be trusted. Henry’s first taste of war had ended badly without success.
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