Henry VIIIs wives.

Revision notes for Henry VIIIs wives - Tudor History

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Catherine of Aragon

1) Who was she?

2) Describe her marriages.

3) Why was she well liked?

4) Which line did she take on the annulment argument?

5) What was her daughter's name?

6) Why did Henry divorce her?

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Catherine of Aragon answers

1) Henry VIIIs first wife. Spanish. Very religious.

2) First married to Henry's brother, Arthur, to secure the Anglo-Spanish treaty. However, they were only married for a few months when he died. Julius II granted a dispensation for her to marry Henry VIII.

3) Very religious, which appealed to the people. She was present at the Battle of Flodden, which was a great victory for England.

4) Deuteronomy.

5) Mary

6) She had many miscarriages, which was said to be a sign from God. Henry used this against her with the levitical argument - saying that it was because of her marriage to his brother. She was older than him. He fell in love with Anne. He needed an heir - a boy - which it seemed she could not give him. H convinced their marriage was against God.

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Anne Boleyn

1) Who was she?

2) What was he relationship like with Wolsey? Why was it like this?

3) What was her aim?

4) Why was she disliked?

5) How was she got rid of by Henry? Why?

6) What was her daughter's name?

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Anne Boleyn answers

1) The second wife of Henry. Clever. Her sister was the King's mistress at one point. Not well liked. The neice of the Duke of Norfolk.

2) Anne very much disliked him. She helped the nobles to spread rumours of him to the King. She disliked him because he broke up her engagement to Henry Percy so the King would be happy.

3) Anne wanted to be the legitimate Queen. She did not want to be a mistress like her sister. She would not 'bed' Henry before he 'wed' her.

4) People believed her to be a witch. She was not Catholic. The people liked Catherine. She was believed to have 'bewitched' the king.

5) Beheaded. She didn't have a son. Deformed miscarriage. Accused of adultery and incest.

6) Elizabeth

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Jane Seymore

1) Who was she?

2) How soon after Anne's execution was she married to Henry?

3) What was her child's name?

4) When did she die? How?

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Jane Seymore answers

1) Henry's third wife. His true love.

2) 11 days

3) Edward

4) October, 1537. Shortly after childbirth. Post partum complications.

*Interesting fact* - she and King Henry VIII were fifth cousins three times removed. She was a half second cousin to her predecessor Anne Boleyn, sharing a great-grandmother.

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Anne of Cleves.

1) Who was she?

2) What did she have to do with Cromwell?

3) Why was her marriage a failure?

4) What was her relationship like with Henry after the divorce?

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Anne of Cleves answers

1) Henry's fourth wife. Daughter of the Duke of Cleves. Part of a German alliance.

2) He organised the marriage.

3) Henry did not find her attractive. The marriage was unconsummated.

4) Good. She became known as 'The sister of the court' and regularly visited Henry.

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Catherine Howard

1) Who was she?

2) Why did she find intercourse with Henry so unappealing?

3) How and why was she got rid of as Queen?

4) What was her religion?

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Catherine Howard answers

1) Henry's fifth wife. Cousin to Anne Boleyn.

2) His weight (21 stone at the time) and the sore on his leg (which had to be drained daily)

3) Beheaded. Suspected of adultery (had affairs with her music teacher when she was younger)

4) Catholic

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Catherine Parr

1) Who was she?

2) What act was she influential in passing?

3) How was the marriage ended and in what year?

4) Which other queen was she linked to and how?

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Catherine Parr answers

1) Henry's six and final wife. She had been married twice before.

2) The third succession act, restored Mary and Elizabeth to succession.

3) Henry's death in 1547

4) Catherine of Aragon. Her mother was a close friend of hers. Parr was presumable named after the first Queen as she was her Godmother.

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