Henry VII- Foreign Policy

Henry VII- Foreign Policy 

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Aim: To secure his throne - Evidence of Success

-1484, A one year truce was signed between England and France, this was subsequently ended in 1489

-1487, Henry looked for allies against France's absorption of Brittany. Ferdinand and Maximilian sent troops

-1489, Henry mad it clear to France that he intneded to defend Brittany, not to assert English claim to France

-1491, English army sent to Ireland and Warbeck fled

-1492, Treaty of Etaples. France promised they would not support impostures 

1494, Sent Sir Edward Poynings to ireland who undermined the autonomy of irish nobles through Poynings' Laws'

-1495, Anglo-Burgundian relations improving when Warbeck left. Maximilian forced Margaret to back down as he wanted support in a campaign against France. 

-1497, Treaty of Ayton between Scotland and England

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Aim: To secure his throne - Evidence of Failure

-1492, Perkins Warbeck received at French Court. Margaret of Burgundy constantly opposed Henry as did Maximilian when it suited him

-1489, Treaty of Dordrecht between Henry and Maximilian, each promises to support the others wars sending troops however Maximilian did not send troops instead concerntrating on his war with Hungary

-1495, Perkins Warbeck is supported in Scotland and in 1496 attempts invasion of England

-1504, Death of Isabelle of Castile. Henry gambles on whether to support Maximilian or Ferdinand's claim, her chose Philip

-1505, Ferdinand signs the treaty of Blois with France. Once Philip dies Ferdinand was the sole ruler of Spain again and had a powerful ally in France

-1508, Treat of Cambrai. Maximilian, France and Spain sign a treaty against Venice. this did not involve Henry which left him isolated which was particularly dangerous as he relied on strong alliances. 

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Aim: To achieve international recognition of his k

-1489, Treaty of Medina del Campo

-1491, henry reasserted his ancient claim to France and besieged Boulogne

-1499, Marriage treaty between Prince Arthur and Catherine. They married in 1501.

-1500, Negotiated marriage alliance between Princess Mary and Charles, Maximilian's grandson. This showed foresight of Charles went on to be the most powerful ruler in Europe

-1503, Ferdinand of Spain accepted that Henry should marry Catherine

1503, The marriage between James IV of Scotland and Princess Margaret. 

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Aim: To achieve international recognition of his k

-1491,Charles VIII married Anne of Brittany in December

-1493, Anglo-Burgundian relations deteriorated when Philip ignored Henrys letter protetesting about Margarets support for Perkin Warbeck

-James IV recognised Perkin Warbeck and gave him a royal welcome

-1502, Death of Arthur threatened Anglo-French relations

-When Isabella of Castile died in 1504 Henry realised Ferdinand was now alone and not as powerful so tried to retract Henrys betrothal to Catherine

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Aim: To promote prosperity in England - Evidence o

-1496, the Intercursus Magnus (Great Settlement) removed the trade barriers between England and Burgundy

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Aim: To promote prosperity in England - Evidence o

-1506, The secret Treaty of Windsor was a failure due to the unexpected death of Philip

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Aim: To maintain prestige while keeping costs down

-1489, Treaty of Redon. Henry promised to aid Brittany in order to keep France at bay. He sent 3000 troops however they were paid for by Anne of Brittany. henry made an alliance with Ferdiand of Spaina dn Maximilian stating they too would provide troops. 

-1492, Treaty of Etaples. France would pay an annual pension of 50,000 crowns. Henry had launched a short campaign on France knowing they desired war in italy and therefore would not wish to waste resources therefore this short siege of Bolougne ended with the Treaty of Etaples

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Aim: To maintain prestige while keeping costs down

-Anglo-Burgundian relations deteriorated further when philip took direct control of burgundy. henry wrote to Philip protesting Margaret's continued support of Warbeck bu this letter was ignored. This led to the trade embargo which lasted until 1496

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