Henry II: position and personality- the creation and expansion of the Angevin empire

  • Inherited Normandy-Anjou, marriage made him acquire around half of France - known today as 'Angevin Empire'. Also had claims of overlordship over areas such as Brittany
  • Henry II absent from England for long periods of time & drained resources in order to maintain empire
  • Chose  two justiciars to be in charge of royal administration in his absence (Richard de Lucy 'the loyal' and Robet Beaumont, Earl of Leicester)
  • Appointed Thomas Beckett (Archdeacon at the time) as chancellor
  • Dealt with disruptive barons by expelling his flemish mercenaries and demolishing illegal castles
  • Marched on hostile barons such as William le Gros, earl of York and Hugh Mortimer - exiled Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester (brother of Steven) who virtually ruled Hampshire
  • First year spent hearing cases disputing rights and lands
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Government

  • Chose  two justiciars to be in charge of royal administration in his absence (Richard de Lucy 'the loyal' and Robet Beaumont, Earl of Leicester)
  • Appointed Thomas Beckett (Archdeacon at the time) as chancellor
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