HENRY VII GOVERNMENT

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PROBLEMS FACING HENRY IN ENGLAND

GOVERNMENT 1485 HAD COME PERILOUSLY CLOSE COLLAPSE NUMBER OCCASIONS 

NOBLES WEALTH & POWER - POTENTIAL RIVALS CROWN

UNEVEN CONTROL CROWN HAD OVER KINDOM - STRONGER MORE POPULATED AREAS - LOOSER BORDERLANDS

POOR FINANCE OF CORWN WHICH DEPLETED BY WARS AT HOME & ABROAD

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ROLE COUNCIL

ADVISE KING MATTERS SATE / ADMINSTER LAW / ACT JUDICIAL 

227 MEN RECORDED ATTENTED / 6 OR 7 REGULAR 

TYPES COUNCILLORS - NOBILITY (DAUBENEY) CHURCHMENT (MORTON & FOX) MEMBERS GENTRY (BRAY & DUDLEY) 

NO ESTABLISHED RULES / PROCEDURES

BRAY & DUDLEY NOT COURTIERS - STAID LONDON

3 CHIEF OFFICERS STATE:

  • LORD CHANCELLOR  MORTON
  • LORD PRIIVY SEAL  FOX 
  • LORD TREASURER  DYNHAM
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COUNCIL LEARNED IN THE LAW

BODY DEVELOPED 2ND HALF REIGN - 1495 DEFENDING KING POSITION FUEDAL LANDLORD

RESPONSIBLE UP DATE WARDSHIPS MARRIAGE & PAYMENTS INHERITING PROPERTY KING TENANTS COLLECTION FUEDAL DUES

OPERATED WITHOUT JURY

HEATED BODY - CONNECTION BONDS RECOGNISANCES

EMPSON PREDISENT LEARNED 1504

DUDLEY & EMPSON HARD PENALTIES ENFORCED - EXECUTED AFTER HENRY DEATH

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COURT & HOUSEHOLD

TRAVELLED HENRY OVER COUNTRY

DIFFERENT LEVELS 

POLITICALLY IMPORTANT - CHAMBER PRESIDED OVER LORD CHAMBERLAIN 

BETRAYEL WILLIAM STANLEY - INTRODUCED PRIVY CHAMBER 1495 - HARDER PEOPLE GET CLOSE KING

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TRADITIONAL VIEW

HENRY KEPT DISTANCE DELIBERATLY - TRIED RULE WITHOUT NOBILITY - RELIED LAWYERS PRFESSOPMALS DRAWN GENRTY 

TRUE

  • REWARDED MEN ABILITY & USEFULNESS
  • DIDNT RELY ON PRATICULAR NOBLE LIKE EDWARD IV
  • RELIED LAWYERS

FALSE

  • RICHARD III RELIED MEMBERS GENTRY - RATCLIFFE & CATESBY
  • NOBLES - 29 SAT WITH RICHARD III OR EDWARD IV
  • REWARD NOBLES SERVED WELL - EARL OF OXFORD
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PARLIAMENT

SUMMONED 7 OCCASIONS - 5 FIRST DECARE REASONS NOT:

  • DIDNT WANT ASK WAR TAXES - FOREIGN POLICY BASE AVOIDING EXPENISVE CAMPAIGNS 
  • DIDNT STRAIN LOYALTY SUBJECTS ASKING MONEY 
  • DIDNT NEED INITIATE LEFISLATION LARGE SCALE - GOVERNMENT BILLS PASSED ACTS OF ATTAINDED

DEMONSTRATED RIGHT CALL EARLY 

LARGELY CONCERNED ISSUES NATIANL SECURITY & RAISING REVENUE

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ACTS OF ATTAINDER

136 PASSED - 46 REVERSED

51 PASSED END REIGN 1504 - 1409 - INSECURE NEED DEMONSTRATE STRENGTH

THOMAS TYRELL PAY £1738 REVRSAL OF HIS AND FATHERS

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PATRONAGE

GRANTS LAND START REIGN 

NUMBER FELL 1/4 DUE DEATHS & ATTAINDERS

VACANT LAND FELL HENRY POSSESSION

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RETAINING

NEW LAWS PASSED 1485 & 1504 AGAINT ILLEGAL RETAINING 

1485 LORDS SWEAR NOT RETAIN ILLEGALLY 

1504 - NOBLES NEEDED LICENSE 

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FINANCIAL CONTROLS

DEMANDED FINANCIAL BOND INDIVIDUAL NOBLE OR FAMILY - PUT DEBT CROWN

LAST DECADE 2/3 NOBLES UNDER BONDS

LORD BURGAVENNY - CONVITED ILLEGAL RETAINING FINED £70,000 - ALLOWED £5000 OVER 10 YEARS

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JUSTICE OF PEACE

ROLE - CHELF LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICERS - MANTAIN LAW & ORDER - RESPONSIBLE IMPLEMENTIC SOCIAL & ECONOMIC LAWS

18JPS PER COUNTY - LOCAL LANDOWNERS

NOT PAID - INTEREST DO IT PROPERLY 

HENRY APPOINT LESS LANDOWNERS WEAKEN LARGE ONES POWER

1485 - ARREST & QUESTION HUNTERS IN DISGUISE

1487 - GRANT BAIL AWAITING TRIAL

1495 - REPLACE MEMBERS JURY SUSPECTED OF BRIBARY

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CLERICS

LARGEST SOCIAL GROUP COUNCI - HALF MEMBERSHIP

MORTON APPOINTED CHANCELOR 1487 & FOX BECAME KINGS PRINCIPAL SECUTARY 

MORTON DOCTOR CIVIL LAW PRACTICED CHURCH COURT

FOX DEGREE THEOLOGY 

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NOBLES

SUSTAINABLE CASE (WEAKEN CLAIM DIDNT USE THEM)

REAL SERVICE DEMANDED

JOHN DE VERE & EARL OF OXFORD - OFFICES GREAT CHAMBERLAIN 

JASPER TUDOR CONTROL WALES - DUKE BEDFORD

YORKIST PAID TREACHERY - SHOW LOYALTY

EARL LINOCLN TILL SIMNELL

EARL SURREY AFTER REALEASE TOWER - LORD TREASURER 1501

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NEW MEN

CHIEF ADVISORS SERVANTS DRAWN RANKS LESSER LANDOWNERS / GENTRY

BRAY / DUDLEY / POYNINGS 

LESS USE NOBILITY - CENTRE GOVERNMENT - NOT NEW RELY GENTRY

NEW MEN EXPERIENCE LANDOWNING & LOCAL GOVERNMENT JUSTICE 

HENRY EXPLOIT LANDS MORE EFFICENT METHODS ESTATE MANAGEMENT NEEDED SERVANTS UNDERSTOOD AUDITING & PROPERY LAWS

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HENRY CENTRAL FIGURE - DIRECTING OPERATIONS LONDON 

EXPLOITATION CROWN LANDS

ENCOURAGE FREQUANT USE ROYAL FINANCE

INCREASING POWER JP - EXERTING CONTROL MORE EFFECTIVLEY

EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT EXPLOITITION CROWN LANDS EXTENDED AUTHORITY MONARCH ALL PARTS COUNTRY WELL AS INCREASING INCOME RECIEVED RENTS 

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NORTH SITUATION 1485

RICHARD III MAIND CENTRE POWER

EARL NORTHUMBERLAND LOYAL 

JULY 1484 CREATED FORMAL COUNCIL NORTH - ENSURE GOOD GOVENANCY & OVERSEA DEFENCE SCOTLAND 

EARL NORTHUMBERLAND - LED MAJOR PORTION RICHARD ARMY BOSWORTH - FALIED COMMIT TROOPS - BRIEFLY IMPRISONED TOWEN 

EARLY SURREY - FATHER KILLED BOSWORTH - COULD JOINED SIMNEL DIDNT - LOYALTY RESTORED EARLDOM 1489

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WALES SITUATION 1485

EDWARD IV ESTABLISHED COUNCIL GOVERN 1471

IMPROVED PREVIOUS DISORDER CAUSED COMPETING WELSH NOBLES & MARCHER LORDS

HENRY APPOINTED JASPER GOVERN

1493 REVIVED COUNCIL - ARTHUR HEAD

LINKS WALES REDUCE THREAT

GOVERNED LARGE PROPORTION LAND ACCOUNT DEATH FORFEITURE LANDS 

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IRELAND 1485

JAPSER APPOINTED LIEUTENANT - WORK DONE BY DEPUTY

RULED SMALL LAND DIRECTLY 

IRELAND RULED ANGLO-IRISH LORDS & CHIEFTAINS

1494 HENRY RE-ORGANISED

ARTHUR - LORD LIEUTENANT 

POYNINGS DEPUTY - ULSTER UNDER CONTROL

PASSAGE POYNINGS LAW - IRISH PARLIAMANTS NEED KING APPROVAL PASS LAW

EXPENSIVE RULE DIRECTLY SO THROUGH CHIEFTAINS

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