Henry VII and the church

Function of the church

  • The church made it easier to control people as it encouraged good behaviour, making the elites jobs much easier
  • The church provided community through guilds and confraternities
  • It provided employment opportunites and entertainment through festivals
  • It had to act under the authority of the king due to an Erastian relationship, where the church accepted that the state is superior to the church in ecclesiastical matters
  • The church also pursuaded lay people to leave large investment in their wills to contribute towards buildings
  • Confraternities provided collectively for funeral costs, the payment of chaplains and maintenace of the churches
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Religious orders

  • 1% of the population by 1500 were monks. The men within orders came from a wide range of social backgrounds
  • friars were supported by charity orders and were recruited from lower down the social scale
  • Nunneries were made up of women who were deemed unsuitable fro marriage
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Lollards and Heretics

Lollardy was the wish for the bible to be translated into English. They were sceptical about transubstantiation and were critical about the status of priests within society. They viewed the catholic church as corrupt. This was seen as a heretical view.

Anti-clericalism was the opposition to the churchs position in political or other non religious matters

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Laws

Henry banned Ecclesiastical Sanctuary. This meant that fugutives could no longer seek refuge in a church

He also introduced the policy against praemunire. Praemunire was when the church was placed aboce the crown in terms of authority. It was punishable by life in prison and a loss of property

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