Self Efficacy - Bandura and Adams
Self-Efficacy is the belief that they can make a difference to their own behaviour. Someone with SE is more likely to adopt healthy behaviours than someone with low SE. SE Is affected by 4 factors: The first is past experiences; how successful you've been in the past e.g. someone who's had a positive outcome at loosing weight before then they'd be more likely to do it again. The second factor is Vicarious experiences; Success of others e.g. if someone in your family was successful at loosing weight then you'd be more likely to try it than someone in your family who tried to loose weight and failed to. 3rd factor is Social persuasion; when others tell you that you can do it e.g. friends motivating you to by giving you positive encourgaement to loose weight. Final factor is emotional arousal; where someone having too much anxiety could reduce a person's SE e.g. if you need to loose weight before a certain date and you're under too much pressure you'll feel like you've let people down and you'll have low SE and become depressed.
Aim/M&P: Assess SE of patients undergoing systematic desensitisation (therapy for phobias); Controlled quasi exp; patients who had snake phobias; 9 females;1 male; newspaper advert;3 stages; Pre-test;systematic desensitasion; post-test assessment
Results: Positive correlation between post assessment SE and levels of interaction with snakes
Conclusion: Desesnitastion enhanced SE levels which led participant to believe they can cope with snakes.