Health Care

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Isla S
  • Created on: 11-05-14 13:33

Health Case Study - UK

  • World's largest publicly funded health service
  • Good healthcare should be provided for all, regardless of wealth
  • Exception of prescriptions and optical and dental services
  • NHS remains free at the point of use for anyone who is resident in the UK
  • 63.2 million people
  • Based on three core principles:
  • Meets the needs of everyone
  • Free at point of delivery
  • Based on clinical need, not ability to pay
  • NHS employs more than 1.7 million people
  • 1 million patients every 36 hours
  • Funding from taxation
  • 1948 (when launched) had a budget of £437 million
  • 2012/3 - £108.9 billion
  • No dscrimination when a resident of one country of the UK requires treatment in another, but patient move back to home country when fit enough to be moved
1 of 5

Health Case Study - Cuba

  • One of world's most effective and efficient
  • 2004, 7 deaths for every 1000 children aged <5 - a decrease from 46 such deaths 40 years earlier
  • one of highest life expectancys - 77
  • Community based polyclinic - 498 nationwide serving a catchment area of between 30,000 and 60,000 people.
  • Polyclinics also act as organsational hub for 20-40 neighbourhood based family doctor and nurse offices & research and teaching centres for medical, nursing and allied health sciences students. - backbone of Cuba's health system.
  • Offers 22 services
  • Help other issues such as quiting smoking - counselling 
2 of 5

Health Case Study - Zimbabwe

  • Main characteristics
  • 4 tier health care system
  • 56 rural hospitals, 927 public and private health care centres, 55 district hospitals, 8 provincial hosipitals, 4 general hosipitals and 5 central hosipitals located in major cities. 
  • Hyperinflation - hospitals not able to get basic drugs and medicines
  • More or less collapsed
  • Gains on national health were eroded by impact of HIV/AIDS pandemic & economic crisis since 2000
  • Emigration of doctors and people with medical knowledge
  • August 2008 - struck by ongoing cholera epidemic
  • Been focussing on Goal 4 and 5 of the MDGs - reduce child mortality and improve maternal health care.
3 of 5

Health Case Study - Zimbabwe

Types of healthcare

  • Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary levels
  • Church based clinics, hospitals etc
  • Financial planning issues
  • Imbalance between curative and preventative services
  • Community involvement 

Disadvantages

  • Not free - 3rd poorest country in the world
  • Level and quality of healthcare system drastically effected by political conditions
  • Dependent on private expenditure
  • Emigration of nurses out of Zimbabwe
  • Masculinity barrier - men refuse to use HIV services in Zimbabwe
  • Many emigrated to find higher salaries and better working conditions
  • 2000-2010 - less than 2 doctors to every 10,000 people 
  • 80% midwife positions remain vacant
  • Hyperinflation & lack of harmony between gov & ministries make buying healthcare resources hard
4 of 5

Health Case Study - Zimbabwe

Advantages

  • Range of healthcare providers compares favourably to other African countries
  • Rural areas have a range of health care available
  • WHO, World Bank and Unicef are launching a revival of the Zimbabwean health sector over the next 3 years - aiming to reduce maternal mortality rate by 17%
5 of 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Health resources »