health and social level 1

REVISION FOR HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

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  • Created by: chloe
  • Created on: 23-01-11 16:40

unexpected and expected events

Unexpected events are an event that happens in a persons lifetime that causes stress as they wasnt suppose to happen and cant be planned for, for example:

- A serious illness

-Winning the lottery

-Loss of hearing

- Divorce

-Serious accident

An expected life event is something that someone can plan for, such as:

- Getting married

- Menapause

- Retiring

- Starting school

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Relationships

There are 6 different types of relationships these are:

  • Family relationships: A relationship with someone whom you are related to. Eg Mother, Father, sibling
  • Formal Relationship: Required relationship with a person who have a specific role. Eg an employee or collegue
  • Friendship: A relationship with someone who isnt related to you but is close and respects you and who you want to socialise with.
  • Informal relationship:Relationship with a friend this develops through choice and doesnt have a role.
  • Intimate pesonal relationship: Close physical and emotional relationship with a husband, wife or partner.
  • Peer relationship: Relationship with those who are equal to each other.           Eg same age, same class.
  • Working relationship: For working purposes eg manager/superviser.
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Life stages of development

  • Infancy: 0-3
  • Childhood:4-10
  • Adolesence:11-18
  • Adulthood:19-65
  • Later Adulhood: 65+

FINE MOTOR SKILLS: PRECISE MOVEMENTS SUCH AS HOLDING A PENCIL

GROSS MOTOR SKILLS: WHOLE BODY MOVEMENTS, EG. DANCING, CRAWLING WALKING GOING UPSTAIRS.

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Effects of life events

There are both positive and negative effects of life events:

Relationships

  • Friends/ family
  • Living with partner: STRESS
  • marriage: STRESS, MAY LEAD TO DIVORCE, HAPPY, MAY START FAMILY
  • Birth of sibling: JELOUSY, SOME RESPONSIBILITY
  • Peers
  • Death of friend/relative

changes in life circumstance, this can be scary but on the other hand also excited

  • Collage
  • Work
  • School
  • Moving house: STRESS EXCITED
  • unemployment/redunduncy

Physical changes

  • Puberty: MOOD SWINGS, CONCERNED, SCARED,
  • Accident/emergency: UNABLE TO WORK, SOCIAL LIFE, STRESS
  • Menopause: DEPRESSION

Sources of support

  • Family
  • Friends
  • Partners
  • Carers
  • Faith based
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Self concept

INVOLES HOW:

  • POPULAR WE ARE
  • CLEAN WE ARE
  • GOOD WE AT WORK/SPORT
  • FIT AND STRONG WE ARE
  • PHYSICALLY ATTRACTIVE WE ARE

AFFECTED BY

  • LIFE EXPERIANCES
  • EDUCATION
  • CULTURE
  • AGE
  • APPEARENCES
  • GENDER
  • RELATIONSHIPS

THE SUM TOTAL OF HOW WE VIEW OURSELVES

SELF ESTEEM- HOW WE THINK ABOUT OUR ABILITIES

SELF IMAGE- WE GAIN THIS FROM A PERSONS REACTION TO US

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Factors that affect growth and development

Physical Growth

  • Genetic inheritance
  • Diet
  • Physical exercise
  • Illness and disease

Social and emotional factors

  • Gender
  • Family Relationships- Extended family, nucleur, reconstituted, lone parent
  • Ethnicity
  • Life experiances
  • Friendships
  • Educational experiance
  • Employment/unemployment

Economic factors

  • Income and material possesions
  • Anything to do with money

Environment factors

  • Housing conditions
  • Pollution
  • Access to health welfare service
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Human growth and development

Social Development

  • Childhood- play, exploring, practicing, pretending
  • Adolesence- More dependent, friends, peer groups
  • Adulthood- Having children, work, family
  • Later adulthood- Opportunities for meeting new people, due to retirement, health may make it difficult

Emotional development

  • Infancy- Attachments and bonding with parents, tantrums
  • Childhood- Manners/learn through play
  • Adolesence- Hormones can rule emotions, moods, self esteem.
  • Later Adulthood- Retirement, can affect self concept, death of friend/relative

Intellectual development

  • Infancy- Develop language abilities
  • Childhood- learn to count, read, spell make and keep friends, do sums, understand rule games, know the difference between right and wrong
  • Adolesence- Problem solving
  • Later adulthood- May need support, gaining new abilities, thinking time may decrease, memory can deteriorate

Physical Development

  • Infants-Gross &fine motor skills
  • Childhood-Height and weight
  • Adolesence-Hormones and puberty
  • Adulthood-Loss of hair/eyesight, skin loses elasticity, menopause
  • Later adulthood- Skin wrinkles/thins out, muscles weaken,
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Effects of relationships on personal development

Relationships in Infancy

  • Babies- totally depend on someone to provide food, warmth, shelter, and safety

Attachment and bonds

  • essential for survival
  • attachment and bonds form between grandparents and siblings as well as parents
  • If the attachment is not sufficient problems can occur:emotional disturbance behavioural problems

Relationships in later adulthood

  • Personal and sexual relationships
  • family
  • being a grandparent
  • Friendships

Relationships that go wrong can cause loneliness.

Adulthood

  • Marriage and cohibitation
  • becoming a parent
  • friends
  • work collegues

Adolesence

  • Parents
  • Siblings
  • Teachers
  • Sexual Relationship

Relationships that go wrong may lead to:

  • Bullying
  • Self harm/depression
  • School refusers
  • deliquency

Relationships in childhood

  • Family- role models-Manners-Morals
  • Friendships
  • Siblings
  • Teachers

Relationships that can go wrong may lead to:

  • can affect emotional disturbance/ behavioural problems

Abuse, neglect. lack of support

  • Child Abuse
  • Physical abuse
  • sexual abuse
  • emotional abuse/neglect
  • domestic violence
  • abuse of elderly
  • lack of support
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How factors interalate to affect an idividual

Self esteem

  • Helps us cope with problems
  • Parents- important to develop self esteem
  • Physical factors contribute to self esteem
  • Social and emotional factors contribute to self esteem
  • Economic factors
  • Environmental

Physical and mental health

  • Physical illness
  • Mental illness

Employment prospects

  • Physical health
  • Gender
  • Influence of other people
  • Educatonal experiance
  • Attitude of the family
  • Ethnicity
  • Life experiances
  • Economic factors
  • Environmental factors

Level of education

  • Can effect PHY, SOC, EMOTIONALLY
  • Economic and enrivonmental factors

Can affect:

  • Physical factors
  • Social and emotional factors
  • Enviromental factors
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Comments

Payal

not bad at all

Payal

thank

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